British-Israel's Bible Study Course

Lesson Thirteen

Law and Grace. Opposites? Or Compatible?



Note: The word "Mercy" in the Old Testament is "chesed" (Strong’s #2617). This means, “ ‘loving-kindness; stead-fast love; grace; mercy; faithfulness; goodness; devotion.’ This word is used 240 times in the Old Testament, and is especially frequent in the Psalter. The term is one of the most important in the vocabulary of Old Testament theology and ethics.

“The Septuagint nearly always renders hesed with eleos (‘mercy’), and that usage is reflected in the New Testament. Modern translations, in contrast, generally prefer renditions close to the word ‘grace.’” (Vine’s Expository p.142, emphasis added). Especially in the book of Psalms, “mercy” means “Grace.”

The other word used is, “chanan’’ “A primitive root (compare H2583); properly to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (that is, move to favor by petition): - beseech, X fair, (be, find, shew) favour (-able), be (deal, give, grant (gracious (-ly), intreat, (be) merciful, have (shew) mercy (on, upon), have pity upon, pray, make supplication, X very.” (Strong’s #2603, emphasis added).

1.What is the Old Testament definition for Grace/Mercy "All the______ of the Lord ________" (Psalm 25:10)

2. What are God's Paths? " He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of _________ for his name's sake" (Psalm 23:3)

3. What is the Bible's definition of "Righteousness" "My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy _______________ are righteousness" (Psalm 119:172).

4. According to David, how is God gracious to us? "“be gracious to me _____________________”(Psalm 119:29 NIV). So according to all these verses, God's grace is shown through the _______ of God.

5. The Hebrew word "chesed" means "Mercy" or "Grace." Is their a Commandment in the Ten Commandments that shows the Grace of God? Refer to the second which says, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
"Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
"And shewing ___________ [chesed] unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments" (Exodus 20:4-6).


Definitions: The first is "Charis,' Vines writes, "[Charis] has various uses, (a) objective, that which bestows or occasions pleasure, delight, or causes favorable regard;... especially with reference to the Divine favor or "grace," e.g., Acts 14:26; in this respect there is stress on its freeness and universality, its spontaneous character, as in the case of God's redemptive mercy, and the pleasure or joy...  (2) on the part of the receiver, a sense of the favor bestowed...

"To be in favor with is to find "grace" with, e.g., Acts 2:47; hence it appears in this sense at the beginning and the end of several Epistles, where the writer desires "grace" from God for the readers, e.g., Rom. 1:7; 1 Cor. 1:3; in this respect it is connected with the imperative mood of the word chairo, "to rejoice," a mode of greeting among Greeks, e.g., Acts 15:23; Jas. 1:1 (marg.); 2 John 1:10,11, RV, "greeting" (AV, "God speed")." (emphasis added). As in the Old Testament, the word "charis" means divine "favor" to the one receiving God's grace or mercy.

Thayer Definition:

1) grace
1a) that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
2) good will, loving-kindness, favour
2a) of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues" (emphasis added).

1. How are we saved? Ephesians 2:8 "For by ______ are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:" Is this a contradiction from the Old Testament? God in the Old Testament shows his Grace through his law, and in the new its through faith? Let's examine this further.

What is faith? Now faith is the _____________ of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen" (Heb 11:1).

The word for "substance" is actually "assurance." In the Greek this phrase actually means, "(elpizomenōn hupostasis). Hupostasis is a very common word from Aristotle on and comes from huphistēmi (hupo, under, histēmi, intransitive), what stands under anything (a building, a contract, a promise). See the philosophical use of it in Heb_1:3, the sense of assurance (une assurance certaine, Menegoz) in Heb_3:14, that steadiness of mind which holds one firm (2Co_9:4). It is common in the papyri in business documents as the basis or guarantee of transactions. “And as this is the essential meaning in Heb_11:1 we venture to suggest the translation ‘Faith is the title-deed of things hoped for’” (Moulton and Milligan, Vocabulary, etc.)" (Robertson't Word Pictures, emphasis added). Faith stands on a contract, with promises, that gives the person assurance of the promise.

2. What is a "covenant"? The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia writes, "We consider first a covenant in which both contracting parties are men. In essence a covenant is an agreement, but an agreement of a solemn and binding force."

In the Covenant what promises are made? "Of this man's seed hath God according to his promise raised______________________________" (Acts 13:23).

"And this is the promise that he hath promised us, even _____________________ " (1 John 2:25)

"And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and _____________ according to the promise" (Galatians 3:29). Then can we say that Faith is standing on the Covenant promises of God?

What saith the Scripture?  "that you do not become sluggish, but imitate those who _______________________ and patience __________________" (Hebrew 6:12).

Can this be confirmed in the Old Covenant?

3. When God prophesied that Israel would go astray, He said, "But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
"They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger.
"They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not.
"Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee" (Deuteronomy 32:15-18). Here Israel is breaking the Covenant, the ten Commandments of God, then God says to Israel about these actions, calls them, "children in whom is________________" (v.20). So faith is keeping the Covenant.

4. What does the Covenant consist of? "For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my  ___________________________ and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:" (Hebrews 8:10). So faith is Keeping the Commandments of God.

5. How does faith work? "faith which worketh by _____________” (Galatians 5:1-6).

6. What is the definition of Love? "For this is the love of God, that we __________________________" (1 John 5:3).

Romans 13:10 says, "love is the__________________" So what is faith? "______________________________________________"

Back to Ephesians 2:8, "For by grace are ye saved through faith" Grace is through faith. As we have learned, faith is keeping the Commandments of God. So like the scriptures in the Old Testament, the definition of Grace is the same as the New Covenant, God is gracious to us through his law!

7. Romans 5:21 Confirms, "grace reign through ______________ unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord."

What is "righteousness"? ""all thy _______________ are righteousness" (Psalm 119:172).

8. What of Jesus, does he agree with what the Old Testament and what Paul says?

When the rich young ruler approached Jesus, he asked him, "Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?" (Matthew 19:16). Jesus responded how? "but if thou wilt enter into life, _______________________" (v.17)

How is God’s law, grace? Paul said that, “ There is none righteous, no, not one: “There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
“They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one” (Rom 3:10-12). Sin is the transgression of the law, see 1 John 3:4. Its wages is death, see Romans 6:23. God’s law is the law of life and liberty, see Deut 30:19; James 1:25; 2:12. Isn’t it the only way God can show his grace, by giving man his law? By giving us the law, the way of life, peace and happiness, God is showing us his favor, goodness, his grace to a world that does not seek him & does evil.


1.The law of God, how did the Apostle Paul say was obtainable? Earned or a gift? "For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the_________________ of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)" (Romans 5:17).

2.By what agent do we receive this gift? "Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with ____________________________; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart" (2 Corinthians 3:3).

3. The law of God is called What? "That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit _____________________________________." (Romans 8:4-5)

4. The law of God is fulfilled in us because, "But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that __________________________________" (Romans 8:9).

5. Is receiving the spirit, is this earned? "Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the __________________________________" (Acts 2:38). Answer YES____  NO____?

Thought question? If it is all a gift from God, then contrary to popular belief, the law of God for Salvation is not of "works" but a "free gift" from God, and is his grace, do you agree? YES___ NO___? Go to our booklet, the Saving works of God for more details.


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