Modern Day Issachar is Finland

by Peter Salemi

In these series of articles we have shown where the modern nations of Israel are located today. Now we come to the tribe of Issachar. Issachar has an interesting history in the Bible. We see Issachar's tribal characteristics in its modern nation today of Finland.

The Tribes of Issachar

Here is the list of sub-tribes of Issachar: "And the sons of Issachar; Tola, [meaning "scarlet"] and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron...Of the sons of Issachar after their families: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites: of Pua, the family of the Punites:

"Of Jashub, the family of the Jashubites: of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites...Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, and Shimron, four.

"And the sons of Tola; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father's house, to wit, of Tola: they were valiant men of might in their generations; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty thousand and six hundred.

"And the sons of Uzzi; Izrahiah: and the sons of Izrahiah; Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Ishiah, five: all of them chief men.

"And with them, by their generations, after the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and thirty thousand men: for they had many wives and sons.

"And their brethren among all the families of Issachar were valiant men of might, reckoned in all by their genealogies fourscore and seven thousand" (Gen 46:13; Numbers 26:23-24; I Chronicles 7:1-5).

Their allotment in the promised land was "And the fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families.

"And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

"And Haphraim, and Shion, and Anaharath,

"And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez,

"And Remeth, and En-gannim, and En-haddah, and Beth-pazzez;

"And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Beth-shemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages.

"This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages" (Joshua 19:17-23).

Issachar received for the most part the large and very fertile plain of Jezreel (see at Jos 17:16, and Ritter, Erdk. xvi. pp. 689ff.), and was bounded on the south by Manasseh, on the west by Manasseh and Asher, on the north by Zebulun, and farther east by Naphtali also, and on the east by the Jordan. So Issachar was part of the Galilean nations of Israel centered around the sea.

Job, son of Issachar

One of the children of Issachar that went into Egypt with Jacob was "Job." This is the Job of the Bible who wrote one of the oldest books of the Bible, the book of Job. The one God tested, and was faithful till the end. Notice what Bullinger says about the Authorship of the Book of Job, "A lengthened account of the discussion of these questions would be without profit. 

"But, if JOB was the son of ISSACHAR (Gen 46:13), then we have a clue that may help us to a decision of both. 

"There is no reason why Job should not be the son of ISSACHAR, and no better evidence is forthcoming for a different view.

"The three friends of Job were descendants of ESAU; they would therefore be contemporaries.

"ELIPHAZ of TEMAN, in Idumea, was a son of ESAU, and had a son called TEMAN, from whom his country took its name (Gen 36:10-11).  It was noted for its 'wise men'(Jer 49:7); and is mentioned with EDOM (Amos 1:11-12).  Compare (Jer 25:23) where both are connected with BUZ, the brother of UZ (Gen 22:21). 

"BILDAD the Shuhite.  SHUAH was the sixth son of ABRAHAM by KETURAH (Gen 25:2); and is mentioned in connection with ESAU, EDOM, and TEMAN (Jer 49:8). 

"ZOPHAR the Naarnathite.  NAAMAH (now Na’aneh, six miles south of Lod, in the lowlands of Judah). 

"If Job was the son of ISSACHAR (Gen 46:13), he would have gone down to Egypt with his father.

"ISSACHAR was forty at 'the going down to Egypt' (See Appendix 50, III, p. 52 Companion Bible).

"If JOB was the third son (Gen 46:13), he would have been about twenty at that time (1706 BC).  

"We are told that he lived 140 years after his 'double' blessing (Job 42:10).  If that 'double' blessing included length of years, then his age would have been 70 + 140 = 210 (i.e. three seventies of years).  His lifetime would be from 1726-1516 BC. 

"According to this, he was born the year after JOSEPH was sold, and died 119 years after the death of JOSEPH (in 1635 BC).  When JOSEPH died, Job was ninety-one.  If his 'double' blessing did include length of years, then his affliction took place twenty-one years previously, when he was seventy. His removal from EGYPT to UZ must therefore have taken place earlier still.

"When Job died (1516 BC) Moses was fifty-five, and had been in MIDIAN fifteen years (twenty-five years before the Exodus). 

"This would account for Job being a worshipper of the God of ABRAHAM, and explains how Moses could have been the author of the book, and perhaps an eye- and ear-witness of the events it records in Midian.  If so, the time has come (as Dr. Stier foretold and hoped*) when this book would be regarded as 'the Porch of the Sanctuary'; and when this 'fundamental wisdom of original revelation will cease to be ascribed, as it now is by some of the best, to a later poet in Israel."' (p.677, emphasis added).

Job is also known as the great Cheops who built the great pyramid. The Egyptian historian Manetho, who lived in the third century before Christ, wrote that Khufu "was of a DIFFERENT RACE from the Egyptians" ("Wathen's Arts and Antiquities of Egypt", p. 54).

Herodotus, the famous Greek historian of the 5th century before Christ, states that the builders of the Great Pyramid were SHEPHERDS ("Euterpe" § 128). But the Egyptians were not shepherds! Notice Genesis 46:31-34: "And Joseph said unto his brethren ... I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house ... are come unto me; and the men are SHEPHERDS ... And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle .... FOR EVERY SHEPHERD IS AN ABOMINATION UNTO THE EGYPTIANS." The Egyptians were not shepherds. They employed others to tend their cattle. Yet Khufu, or Cheops, the builder of the Great Pyramid, WAS A SHEPHERD!

Josephus, the Jewish historian, wrote that the Egyptians set the Israelites "to build pyramids" ("Antiquities of the Jews", bk. II, ch. ix, § 1). But the pyramids which the Israelites built during their enslavement were hastily constructed, inferior duplicates of the first mighty Pyramid of Khufu or Cheops.

The facts of history are that Cheops (1726-1663 B.C.) was a young contemporary of King Zoser of Egypt. Zoser (1737-1718 B.C.) built the "step pyramid" shortly before Cheops built the Great Pyramid (Budge, "A History of Egypt", vol. II, p. 9).

PHOTO CAPTION: A badly damaged ivory statuette of Cheops from Abydos, Egypt. No other statues are known of him. The features of Cheops are distinctly non-Egyptian. Cheops built the great pyramid of Gizeh, near Cairo. It is the first and also greatest ever built.

Now the surprise of history is that king Zoser ruled part of Lower Egypt AT THE SAME TIME JOSEPH WAS PRIME MINISTER UNDER PHARAOH AMENEMHET III, king of Upper Egypt. Ancient Egypt, remember, was a confederation of small city states. Amenemhet III (1741-1692 B.C.) was king of Upper Egypt and Pharaoh of all Egypt. But under him were lesser kings, among whom was Zoser. CHEOPS WAS A FOREIGN KING whose domain extended into the Delta of Egypt.

KING ZOSER RECORDED THE SEVEN YEARS' DROUGHT IN JOSEPH'S TIME. "My heart is in great anxiety," said Zoser, "for in my time the Nile has not overflowed for a period of SEVEN YEARS" ("Cambridge Ancient History", p. 309-310, vol. I).

The Bible reveals the seven years of famine extended from 1727 to 1720 B.C.

Here is clear evidence that Cheops, a contemporary of Zoser, must have built the Great Pyramid during the beginning of the sojourn (1726-1487 B.C.) of Israel in Egypt and about the time of the seven years of famine!

A noted man who helped Cheops in building the Pyramid was named "Souf". He was "chief of the works of Khufu" (Rawlinson's "Egypt", ch. 14). This man has been an enigma to the historians (see Maspero's "Dawn of Civilization", pp. 363-364). Elsewhere he is called "Saf-hotep" -- meaning "Saf the servant." He was apparently one of 12 BROTHERS who built the Labyrinth -- the "Pentagon" of Ancient Egypt -- for Amenemhet III (Wathen's "Antiquities", p. 142). Certainly there is no doubt who "Souf" was! He could be none other than JOSEPH!

The name given Joseph by Pharaoh was "ZAPH-nath-paaneah" (Gen. 41:45). The Egyptians still call Joseph "Yousuf." Certainly there need be no doubt when Cheops lived!

A corrupted Egyptian story records an incident in the later life of Cheops or Khufu, in which he calls an aged Egyptian sage to his palace (Budge's "Egypt", vol. II, p. 43). The sage lived 110 years. Joseph died at 110 years of age (Gen. 50:26). There can be no mistaking this coincidence!

Book of Job

Manetho, the Egyptian historian, wrote of Cheops: "He was arrogant toward the gods, but repented and WROTE THE SACRED BOOK ... a work of great importance" (see Wathen's "Antiquities", p. 268; and Budge's "Egypt", vol. II, p. 31).

Cheops has another name -- Saaru of Shaaru (Petrie's "History of Egypt", vol. I, p. 37). Saaru is another name "for the inhabitants of Mt. Seir" (Rawlinson's "History of Egypt", ch. 22). Khufu, then, was a foreign King whose domain extended from Mt. Seir to Lower Egypt during and after the time of Joseph. Petra is in Mount Seir.

Mt. Seir was famous in history as the "Land of Uz" (Vol. III of "Clarke's Commentary", preface to Book of Job). Uz was a descendant of Seir the Horite (Gen. 36:28). The Arabs preserve a corrupt record of Cheops of Mt. Seir or of the Land of Uz. 

 Now what individual who dwelled in Uz was arrogant, repented of his sin and wrote a Sacred Book?

 None other than JOB!

And the Sacred Book is the Book of Job! Either Job wrote and Moses preserved it. Or Moses and Job wrote the book together.

The Great Pyramid

The measurements of the Great Pyramid have revealed remarkable mathematical and scientific facts which confirm an architect of superior knowledge. The following lists just a few of these astounding facts:

• Twice the height of the Pyramid, divided into the distance around the base equals the mathematical value termed π(pi) to the nearest 1/10,000. Only recently has man been able to calculate π to this accuracy.

• The Great Pyramid’s unique proportions solve one of man’s most difficult mathematical challenges—the squaring of the circle. When the radius of a circle equals the height of the pyramid, then the circumference of that circle equals the perimeter of the pyramid’s base. The orientation of the Great Pyramid is within 3/4 inch of true north. A modern magnetic compass is usually far less accurate.

• The measurement used by the builders, the “pyramid cubit,” when divided into the base length of the Great Pyramid is 365.242 pyramid cubits. This is precisely the number for the days in one year.

• The world’s standard of measure is the meter — approximately one 10-millionth of the curved line along the earth’s surface from the North pole to the equator. In 1850 Sir John Herschel, a leading astronomer, proposed that a more

scientific alternative would be one 10-millionth of the earth’s half axis — the straight line from the pole to the center of the earth. Unknown to Herschel, this distance he proposed had been the measuring rod of the Great Pyramid 4,000 years before in the pyramid cubit! This is a characteristic of the tribe of Issachar, "And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment." (1 Chronicles 12:32). 

Why the Pyramids? Why were they built?

Giza lies at the southern border of the “land of Goshen,” the Nile peninsula  region of “Lower Egypt,” where the children of Israel dwelt. They were given the land  of “Goshen” by the Egyptians as their territory and were protected there from the plagues which struck Egypt during the time of Moses.

The Great Pyramid was built by a true worshipper of God is clear  from the evidence that there is absolutely NO PAGAN idolatrous markings or symbolism carved or painted upon its surface areas. The total absence of such markings, in a land replete with pagan symbols and themes, is mute testimony that someone else other than pagan Egyptians built the marvelous edifice. Job was a true worshipper of God!

Egypt at the time was a hot-bed of idolatry. Their false religion was in full sway when Cheops was born. Statues of gods and goddesses were everywhere. Temples, tombs, and monuments were loaded with idolatrous emblems. Yet in the midst of all that, “there has never been found one ancient inscription or slightest sign of Egypt’s idolatry! In the center of greatest impurity, the Great Pyramid stands without spot,
blemish or remotest taint of the surrounding flood of abominations ” (Rippert, p.69).

Israel put boundary markers as God told them, so they can find their way home, and remember where they cam from. "Jeremiah says, "Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities" (31:21). Gill writes, "Of stones, raised up as pillars, or like pyramids; or upright, as palm trees, which signification the word (z) has; to be marks and signs, to know the way again upon a return." (emphasis added).

God promised Abraham that his borders would be, "Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:" (Gen 15:18; Numbers 34:5). K&D says, "The river (נָהָר) of Egypt is the Nile, and not the brook (נַחַל) of Egypt (Num_34:5), i.e., the boundary stream Rhinocorura, Wady el Arish. According to the oratorical character of the promise, the two large rivers, the Nile and the Euphrates, are mentioned as the boundaries within which the seed of Abram would possess the promised land, the exact limits of which are more minutely described in the list of the tribes who were then in possession. Ten tribes are mentioned between the southern border of the land and the extreme north, 'to convey the impression of universality without exception, of unqualified completeness, the symbol of which is the number ten' (Delitzsch)" (emphasis added). The Israelites dwelt in Goshen in the Nile delta. "Goshen lay on the eastern side of the Nile." (Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature, under "Goshen"). This Pyramid in Giza is Israel's boundary marker. In the time of the Exodus back to their homeland, Israel will look towards this marker to find their way back to their homeland. Thanks to Issachar's son Job!

Issachar in the Days of Solomon and David

Now during the days of the Phoenician Empire, being the Israelite Empire of Solomon and David, the tribe of Issachar was involved in the commerce and trade of the Phoenician empire, so much so, that the foreigners gave the name of Phoenicia to all of Canaan. Now what does the name Phoenicia have to do with Issachar?

"Many scholars derive the name 'Phoinix' from the Greek word 'Phoinos' meaning–'blood red"' (Who Were the Phoenicians? by Nissim R. Ganor, p.197, emphasis added). There are many explanations why this is so? Davidy explains, " "Another son of Issachar was PHUVAH (Genesis 46;13) whose children were known as Phuni or PUNI (Numbers 26;23,24). 'PUNI' was a name given to the Phoenicians amongst whom Israelite Tribes such as Zebulon and Asher were at some stages an important component. The major Phoenician cities were Tyre and Sidon. Sidon was conquered for a while by the Sakkala or Sakkara  (Slouschz p.61, Pallotino p.70) who were one of the Sea Peoples and elsewhere (in 'Lost Israelite Identity' by Yair Davidy, 1996) are proven to have been Israelites. The Sakkara come from Issachar and the Phoenicians received their name from PUNI -Issachar's son...The Phoenicians received the name of 'Puni' which was the name of a Issachar clan...All Phoenician peoples were considered 'Sidonians' by foreigners..."(pp.310, 332-333 footnote, emphasis added). "...of Issachar...of Pua, the family of the Punites:" (Num 26:23). The Pulpit Commentary writes that the meaning of Tola and Pua is "Tola, Scarlet' (Gesenius) and Phuvah," (emphasis added). Why would the whole empire be named after Issachar?

Issachar was at the time "...were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment." (1 Chronicles 12:32). 

The JFB Commentary says, "Jewish writers say that the people of this tribe were eminent for their acquirements in astronomical and physical science; and the object of the remark was probably to show that the intelligent and learned classes were united with the military, and had declared for David"  Issachar were leaders in discerning times and science. But also, "politically" (Barnes) as well. Because of their leadership role in directing the Empire, isn't logical to assume that the foreigners would have named the entire empire after them?

So Issachar were men of science,  law, and of astronomy, to figure out times, dates and seasons for Israel to observe on the calendar made by Issachar.

The Assyrian Invasions

After Israel sinned in God's sight, God sent the Assyrians in many waves of invasions and took the House of Israel away.

"In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria...And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day...[and] the cities of the Medes " (2Kings 15:29; I Chron 5:26; 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). In the Parallel account in 1 Chronicles 5:26, the reason why Naphtali was not mentioned, is for the simple reason that the whole chapter was dedicated to the genealogies of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, so the writer parenthetically wrote in what happened to those three tribes.

The Assyrian records comply, ": "The land of Bit-Humeria [Israel]...all of its people together with their goods I carried off to Assyria...Pakaha [Pekah], their king they disposed, and I places Ausi as King...and to Assyria I carried them" (Thomas, pp.17-18). "From the annals of Tiglath-pilesar III (745 B.C.) we find he also carried away three other tribes of Israel: Asher, Issachar and Zebulon" (Missing Links in Assyrian Tablets, p.67, Capt, emphasis mine). As the Assyrian records say above ".all of its people together." Below are the cities and the maps where they settled.

"cities of the Medes"-"According to these clear words of the text, the places to which the ten tribes were banished are not to be sought for in Mesopotamia, but in provinces of Assyria and Media....on the eastern side of the Tigris near Adiabene, to the north of Nineveh on the border of Armenia. חָבֹור is not the כְּבָר in Upper Mesopotamia ...Here in northern Assyria we also find both a mountain called Χαβώρας, according to Ptol. vi. 1, on the boundary of Assyria and Media, and the river Chabor, called by Yakut in the Moshtarik l-hsnîh (Khabur Chasaniae), to distinguish it from the Mesopotamian Chaboras or Chebar...The river Gozan or of Gozan is therefore distinct from חָבֹור (Khabur), and to be sought for in the district in which Gauzani'a, the city of Media mentioned by Ptol. (vi. 2), was situated. In all probability it is the river which is called Kisil (the red) Ozan at the present day, the Mardos of the Greeks, which takes its rise to the south-east of the Lake Urumiah and flows into the Caspian Sea, and which is supposed to have formed the northern boundary of Media.

Halah- "The name appears in Chalcitis (Ptolemy, 5:18), and Gla, a mound on the upper Khabour (2Ki_17:6). A Median district and city." (Faucette Bible Dictionary)

Habor-" Habor is the mount Chobaras of the same; from which mountain, as you go to the Caspian sea, about midway, is the city Gauzania, the same with Gozan, which might give name to this river (b). The Jews say (c), this is the river Sambation,..;Vid. Witsium de 10 Trib. Israel. c. 4. sect. 2. (c) Rambam apud Eliam in Tishbi, p. 134."(Gill's Commentary).

Gozan-Ptolemy, in his description of Medias, mentions a town called Gauzania (Geogr. 6:2, 10), situated between the Zagros mountains and the Caspian Sea. Bochart (Opp. 1:194) and others (so Rosenmüller, Bibl. Geogr. I, 2:102).


Israelite Exiles


According to Ancient Maps, the Israelites were exiled in the same places as the Cimmerians and the Scythians.

Ancient Assyrian tablets show that the Assyrians called the Israelites the Bit Khumri. It is this name that reveals the Israelites as the Cimmerians. The Scythians are known as the same race as the Cimmerians, also called the "Sacae" "Beth-Saac," House of Isaac.

 Encyclopedia Britannica says, "Most writers think the Scythians who troubled Asia were Sacae from the east of the Caspian" (11th edition, article: "Scythia"). 

 The Encyclopedia Americana records the Scythians arrived in the region of South Russia “about 700 B.C.” (Vol. 24 p.471) An historian of the Scythians, Tamara Talbot Rice, wrote the following: “The Scythians did not become a recognizable national entity… before the eighth century B.C…by the seventh century B.C. they had established themselves firmly in southern Russia…Assyrian documents place their appearance…on the shores of Lake Urmia [just south of Armenia] in the time of King Sargon (722-705 B.C.) a date which closely corresponds with that of the first establishment of the first group of Scythians in southern Russia.” (The Scythians pp.19-20, 44).


Read our booklet USA & British in Prophecy for further details Here

Ptolemy's maps of Bactriana, Sogdiana and Scythia interior reveal the Israelite names of the towns and cities. One region is called "Sacarum Regio" "Kingdom of the Sacae" Isaac.  "In this region were found Massagetae [Manasseh & Gad], Cimmerian-Comari and other groups of whom were also further west besides the Caspian Sea." (Davidy, The Tribes p.179).

Ptolemy's Map of Scythia

Davidy in his work the "Tribes" identifies many of these names with the Israelites sub-tribes of each clan. (pp.179-194).

Eran, Dahae, Bactriana are the Epraimite clans, Number 26:35.

Sammartae, Samakand "in honor of Samaria"

Massa getae is Manasseh


Settlements in Scythia

So where do we find Issachar in Scythia? "The Sagartii (Asakarta) were first reported of in the Zagros mountains of west Iran and were part of the Tribe of Issachar which tradition associated with that area. A similar group, the SAGARUCE, was recorded by Ptolemy on the east Caspian Sea shore and they have been equated with the Sakaraukae (or Saraukae)...In Carmania were the Isatichae " (Davidy, The Tribes, pp.57-58)

"In Serica (modern Siberia, east of Scythia) Ptolemy reported the Asmiraea who have a name similar (in Semitic tongues) to that of Shimron, son of Issachar. Ptolemy also placed the Ithaguri and Thogara in Serica and since the 'S' and 'T' or 'TH' were interchangeable the names ITHAGURI (Tagori) and Thogara were also forms for Issachar. Similar names (Thacori, Tochari) were to be found in the general Chorasmian area east of the Caspian Sea where the SAGARUCE-SAKARAUKAE (who also came from Issachar) were located....Near Serica in the north were the ABII Scythae from YOB son of Issachar (Genesis 46; 13)...Shimron, son of Issachar has a name equal to that of the 'Asmirae' in Sericae since 'Asmirae' is a Semitic-alternative for 'Shimron'...Shimroni = Asmirae (Scythia)...The Suebians had emerged from the Sienbi in Serica and Scythia and they were an amalgamation of different (though basically related) peoples... " (article, "Issachar", Davidy). 

The names and settlements of Issachar are:  Sagartii (Asakarta), Isatichae,  ABII Scythae, Suebians Tochari [Tola].

The Scythians moved from the Black and the Caspian sea to Northern Europe and Scandinavia. : "...the Scythians, the second great flood of the population into Europe, our Anglo-Saxon and Norman ancestors proceeded" (Turner, History of the Anglo-Saxons, pp.4, 21, emphasis added). After European and Asiatic Sarmatia fell, all these tribes flooded into Europe, and many of the tribal names remained with them. The "Sarmatians who are also the Scythians" (A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, Volume ., 1edited by Sir William Smith, p.151). "From Scythia to Sarmatia all of these peoples were to move into, Germany and Scandinavia and from there into Holland, France Belgium, Switzerland, and the British Isles, as well as in smaller numbers to other European states" (The Tribes, p.270-271, emphasis added).

Modern Day Issachar Today

So which European nation did Issachar settle into?

From an old poem first published in the Abo Tidningar of the Aurora Society in 1771; its first line reads as follows: “You People of Scythian stock, and the oldest born of the North”. (Finnish Folk Poetry Epic. Ed. Matti Kuusi-Finnish Lit. Society - Helsinki, 1977). The Finns are clearly from the Scythians tribes.

Finnish, migrated up the Volga and left their name at Tula, not far from Moscow before moving on towards the Baltic. Tula was founded near the Tulitsa River (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1943 Ed., Vol. 22, see "Tula," p. 538).

Another clue, "In Aramaean 'son of Issachar' is 'bara Issachar.' The 'b' is often pronounced as a soft 'v'. Think for instance the name Reuven, which co-exists with the more frequent Reuben. Taking 'vara issachar' and leaving out all the vowels, gives '' Whether the 'ch' is pronounced as /ch/,/x/, or/k/, in all cases the resemblance with Vriesche, Friese, Friesche or Fryske is striking" (Truth & Error Magazine, p.8, emphasis added).

The Finns are made up of four sub-tribes which all played a part in the establishment of Finland. The Karelian, Savo, Tavastians, Ostrobothnians. There were also four sons of Issachar, each have their own sub-tribes. "...the descendants of Tola, Issachar’s first son, are the Tavastians. The first-born son usually inherits the leadership of the tribe, and it is significant that both Turky, Finland’s ancient
capital, and Helsinki, Finland’s modern capital are located in the Tavastland area.... the people of Savo are descendants of Phuvah, Issachar’s second son... Ostrobothnians, who can only be the descendants of Job...Karelians...[Shimron]" (The Identity of Finland, by Rainer Salomaa & Allan Reipas, pp.11-12).  The authors came to this conclusion by , "Examin[ing] carefully the prophecy about Issachar in Genesis 49:14, 15. Verse 14 gives a general description of the whole tribe: 'Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens.' Then notice[d] that verse 15, describing what Issachar was prophesied to do, can neatly be divided into four parts. Would each of these parts not give a specific identification of each sub-tribe?" (ibid, p.11). Each tribe fulfills the prophecy, therefore identifying the identity of the sub-tribes of Finland.

Prophecies of Issachar

The major prophecy about the identity of Finland in the "last days" is in Genesis 49. Jacob said, "Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens:...And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute." (vv.14-15). Following this prophecy we can clearly identify the modern nation.

Finland fulfills this prophecy to the letter. "Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens:" Issachar is a "strong ass." Meaning, "Used in riding and plowing. Not held in contempt for stupidity, as with us." (Fausset Bible Dictionary under "Ass." emphasis added). The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature says the same "Issachar is called a strong ass (Gen_49:14), in reference to his descendants, as being a settled agricultural tribe, who cultivated their own territory with patient labor, emblematized by the ass" (article "Ass").

The nation of Finland has these qualities in its national characteristic. An ass is also a stubborn animal. In Finland, "Finland's severe winters; short, frost-interrupted growing seasons; and relatively scarce and acidic arable land has made agriculture a continually tough endeavor." (Encyclopedia of Nations, emphasis added). The Finnish people no matter how un arable their land is because of its location so far north, they made Finland, "...the only country in the world with a significant agricultural sector so far in the north" (Statistics Norway 2001, Statistics Canada 2007, Jordbruksverket 2008, USDA 2009 (p. 276), Federal State Statistics Service 2011 (pp. 219-221, 236-243). Their strength of stubbornness has made Finland an agricultural centre in Scandinavia.

The latter part of the prophecy says Issachar is "crouching down between two burdens." What are his two burdens? The latter end of the passage says, "bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute." "Crouching down" means he "rests" between these two burdens. Content to stay in this condition than to fight it. 

Bowing his "shoulder to bear" means, "the fatigues of ploughing and sowing, and reaping, and carrying in the fruits of the earth:" (Gill's Commentary). As we noted above Finland's land to produce agriculture is a struggle because of its climates but the Finnish people are content to work the land no matter how hard it can be. This is the first burden. The second is, "became a servant unto tribute." This means "The phrase abad, though sometimes used of servitude under a foreign sovereignty (Deu_20:11; Jos_16:10) commonly refers to tribute rendered by labor (1Ki_9:21; 2Ch_8:8)"(Pulpit Commentary). As Matthew Henry Commentary, says, "tillage and tribute" (emphasis added) are the two burdens of this tribe.

This burden has also been fulfilled by the nation of Finland as well. The Encyclopedia Britannica 9th edition under Frisians writes, "... For this neglect the principal reason is undoubtedly the fact that the people have, at least in modern times, displayed no strong political individuality, but have allowed themselves peacefully to be merged in more powerful nationalities" The Finland is content to be under foreign sovereignty than to fight for its independence.

Those more powerful nationalities are the Dutch (Zebulun) and the Germans (Assyria). Manyt of Issachar's descendants live either in the Netherlands or in northern Germany. The Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th edition, Micropaedia Vol.5, p. 14-15, "Frisian, member of a Germanic people speaking a language closely related to English and living in the Frisian islands, in Friesland, a northern province of the Netherlands, and in Ostfriesland and Nordfriesland in Germany ... From the 1st to the 5th century AD, they were more or less tributary to the Romans; their land was then infiltrated by Angles and Saxons on the -way to England and subsequently conquered by the Franks under Charlemagne, who converted them to Christianity. In subsequent centuries they were territorially divided; in the 16th century the western Frisians joined the union that was to become The Netherlands ..." (emphasis added). Finland more or less were content to be under the tribute of foreign peoples as long as they could be left in peace.

Again, after centuries of Swedish rule, the 1700's and 1800's saw Finland caught between Russia and Sweden, who fought for sovereignty over Finland. Finland's sovereignty has been compromised ever since. From 1899 to 1905, Russia dominated Finland, and the Encyclopedia Britannica wrote: "Russian officials and the Russian language were foisted on Finland wherever possible, and in 1903 the Russian governor...was invested with dictatorial powers." ( Vol. 9, see "Finland," p. 253).

"The Finns were literally 'under tribute' to Russia as 'the Tsar peremptorily fixed an annual contribution' on Finland. In World War I, the Britannica notes that 'Finland escaped invasion, but her liberties were restricted.' This aptly describes a nation under tribute. World War I also saw Finns volunteering for service in the armies of both Germany and Russia. Some independence was restored in 1917, but in 1918, Finland 'concluded a treaty which made her Germany's ally and vassal.' Finland was now 'under tribute' to Germany,  its other 'burden.' Between the world wars, Finland became increasingly identified as a Scandinavian nation, but the Russians again launched an attack on Finland as World War II began. The Finns made a heroic resistance against the Russians, but had to sign a treaty ceding territory and dominance to Russia. Finland remained a nation 'under tribute.' When Germany attacked Russia in 1941, Finland briefly allied itself with Germany before signing an armistice with both Great Britain and Russia in 1944. At the end of World War II, Finland had to pay certain amounts of finished industrial goods (more 'tribute') to the Russians.

"Finland has been a buffer state between stronger nations for most of its history and has literally been 'under tribute' to other nations in recent history. Its current 'tribute' is Finland's neutralist foreign policy, for which it receives an accommodative relationship with its bigger neighbors. Since Finland is located in a 'buffer zone' between the western and eastern blocs, a neutralist position is a politically safe one for Finland. The Finnish capital, Helsinki, even gave its name to the 'Helsinki Accords,' an East-West agreement signed in the neutralist nation of Finland.

"Finland has found its peace and prosperity despite its 'couching down between two burdens.' This condition is so uniquely Finnish that it has even given birth to the term 'Finlandization.' Finland accepts some limitations on its sovereignty, but it currently enjoys a milder form of 'tribute' than it has borne in recent history. It is currently a prosperous nation and is the headquarters of Nokia, the famous telecommunications company that is a dominant supplier of cellular phones to the world." (Collins article "Finland").

Now, the other part of the prophecy says, "And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant;" Finland has never been a colonizing people. But a people who "...are found in possession of the same district of Europe which they still, at least partially, occupy. So far as can be judged they have NEVER been of an AGGRESSIVE disposition, and it is not improbable that at one time they may have possessed a much wider territory than history usually assigns them." (emphasis added). They saw that their land was good and rested in it. Moses even writes, "Issachar, in thy tents." Meaning, "being a tribe that stayed at home, and attended to husbandry, and dwelt in tents, to take care of and feed their cattle; in doing which they should be prosperous, and have occasion to rejoice, and be thankful to the Lord: though the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem carry it to a different sense, to their schools, in which they dwelt: this tribe being, as supposed, a learned tribe, studious, in the law; which is gathered from 1Ch_12:32." (Gill's Commentary).

Issachar and Zebulon Together

Moses prophesied, "And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents...They [Zebulon & Issachar] shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness: for they [Zebulon & Issachar] shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand." (Deut 33:18-19). Issachar is included in the blessing of Zebulon. We know Zebulon is Holland. Many of the Frisians dwell in Holland and have been under their tribute. In South Africa, the Dutch colonized that part of the world and "suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand." Many of the Frisians have taken part in the mining and oil industry of South Africa and the the North Seas.

But what does "They [Zebulon & Issachar] shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness:" mean? "[They]...would invite nations to the mountain, and there offer sacrifices of righteousness. 'The peoples' are nations generally, not the tribes of Israel, still less the members of their own tribes. By the 'mountain,' without any more precise definition, we are not to understand Tabor or Carmel any more than the mountain land of Canaan. It is rather 'the mountain of the Lord's inheritance' (Exo_15:17), upon which the Lord was about to plant His people, the mountain which the Lord had chosen for His sanctuary, and in which His people were to dwell with Him, and rejoice in sacrificial meals of fellowship with Him... The words simply contain the Messianic thought that Zebulun and Issachar would offer rich praise-offerings and thank-offerings to the Lord, from the abundant supply of earthly good that would flow to them, upon the mountain which He would make ready as the seat of His gracious presence, and would call, i.e., invite the nations to the sacrificial meals connected with them to delight themselves with them in the rich gifts of the Lord, and worship the Lord who blessed His people thus...." (K&D Commentary). 

Clarke's Commentary agrees, "...they shall be the instruments in God’s hands of converting many to the true faith; so that instead of sacrificing to idols, they should offer sacrifices of righteousness." Clearly this is a prophecy for the end time. The Dutch and the Finns during the time of Great Tribulation, called "Jacob Trouble" (Jer 30:7), meaning all twelve tribes, will be in a condition of slavery and captivity. During that time, it looks like the Dutch and the Finns will be the ones that will repent first, since prophecy says they will be attacked first by the Beast power. Therefore turn to God first, and then convert the people of the rest of the tribes of Israel back to God!

In Isaiah the 9th chapter, we read of Assyria (Germany, Read our book Germany in Prophecy), is going to mount an invasion, and it's going to start with Holland and Sweden. "Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations." (v.1).  This prophecy in type was fulfilled in the days of Isaiah, but then found its fulfillment in Christ, his first coming, but not its full fulfillment, because the prophecy has to do with the second coming of Christ as the text clearly shows. It speaks of Zebulon, and Naphtali, but also the "Galilee of the nations." This includes Issachar in the promised land.

"The people [of Zebulun, Issachar and Napthali] that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. [Jesus Matthew 4:11]

"Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

" For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian [This is the Assyrian see, Isaiah 10:26-27].

" For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.

" For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

" Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. [the Kingdom of God]" (vv.2-7). Notice this prophecy leads into the second coming of Jesus. The prophecy is dual. Holland Finland and Sweden will be put "under the yoke" and be "oppressed" by the Assyrian. This is slavery and captivity Unless they repent!

When Isaiah made this prophecy, the "people" in verse 2 of the tribes of  Zebulon, Issachar and Naphtali were in the land.  The "people" of Zebulon, Issachar and Naphtali however did not see Christ when the prophecy was fulfilled in Matthew 4:11, simply because, they were not dwelling in Palestine at the time, but fled to other nations. This shows that it was only fulfilled in type, in Jesus day.

The Great "Light" that Israel will see in its full fulfillment will be at the second coming when "as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be" (Matthew 24:27). What great light shines from the east to the west? The Sun. Jesus is called the "Sun of Righteousness," and his face shines like the "sun" in its full strength, see Malachi 4:2; Rev1:16.

It is in this state that the Dutch and the Finns will repent and convert many of their brethren back to God.

Understanding of Times

Do the Finnish people have this trait of Issachar of understanding the times, men of science,  law, and of astronomy, dates and seasons?

Terpstra in Tweeduizend jaar Geschiedenis van Friesland dedicates nearly a whole chapter to this identical characteristic of the Frisians, p.261, "During the centuries a remarkable amount of people have lived in Friesland who were interested in MATHEMATICS and ASTRONOMY. Amongst them often were very simple folk, who had a great hunger for knowledge of the astronomical world. During long winter evenings on several farms men were engrossed in books they could hardly understand initially, but out of which they acquired knowledge with endless patience. They were not the people of the calibre of Eise Eisinga, but the isolation of villages and farms, being one with nature, the observation of the awesome starry sky during still, clear nights has started many a man to spend biding his time, in whichever modest way, in a quest for answers about planets, time and eternity”

Terpstra continues to describe the mathematical and astronomical exploits of the three Roelofs  brothers (late 18th century); the large telescope made by Arjen Roelofs and Sied Rienks (early19th century), which was later placed at the Leiden Observatory; Obe Sikkes Bangma (1768-1829) a famous mathematician and the tragic story about the genius Jan Elzinga.

From the booklet Finland and its Students (Helsinki  1962), I learned that the elementary school children (grades 1 to 8) who do not enter secondary school are given basic instruction in MATHEMATICS and NATURAL SCIENCE as well as Finnish, history and citizenship. In Junior secondary school (grades 5 to 9), they learn two foreign languages. They also learn elementary ALGEBRA and GEOMETRY. In the senior secondary school (grades 10 to 12), they have a choice between two courses  concentrating on either languages or MATHEMATICS. In the math division, pupils are taught physics, chemistry, and an extensive course in math and three languages. In general, the girls choose the language courses and the boys choose the math courses. All of the higher institutes of learning have math and the physical sciences near the top or at the top of the list in subjects taught. For instance, The University of OULU has at present three faculties: Philosophy (which so far consists of the mathematical and natural science departments), Technology (which confers degrees in engineering and architecture) and Medicine. The University of Turku has five faculties, three of which are Mathematics and Natural Science, Chemistry, and Technology. Helsinki University has six faculties among which are Agronomy and Forestry and Philosophy, which includes mathematics and natural science.

Finnish architects are world-known. Look at Jobs great pyramid. He was of the tribe of Issachar! The architectural Saarinen family  Eliel (1865-1967) and Eero (1910-1961) were pioneers of the skyscraper design. Eero is famous for his TWA terminal at Kennedy International Airport in New York as well as Dulles Airport Terminal in Washington, D. C. Alvar Aalta (1898-), a recipient of the American Association of Architects Gold Medal Award, is internationally renowned in architectural and design circles. His Baker House Dormitory, Cambridge, Mass., the house for Louis Carr, France, and his Cultural Center, Wolfsburg, West Germany, are a few of his achievements outside of Scandinavia. Alvar Aalto ranks right up there with Frank Lloyd Wright and Corbusier to form the trio of pioneers of contemporary architecture.

It is not only the excellence and relative abundance of modern architecture that impresses in Finland; it is the fact that so SMALL and remote a country should have contributed so much to international development. The Finns have a NATURAL SENSE OF FORM which is easily expressed in BUILDING and in applied art. (from the booklet Finland).

Law, knowledge and study about laws, has been a characteristic of the Frisians since ancient times, Grote Spectrum Encyclopedic, Vol.7, (1975), p.36, "De Upstalboom. Law was regarded highly in Friesland in the Middle Ages. It is very significant that old Frisian Literature dominantly consists of laws and legal documents. The oldest known Frisian law book is by the way written in Latin: Lex Frisionum, dating from the time of Charlemagne."

The Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol.11, p.234, states about Frisian laws: "Charles the Great granted the Frisians important privileges under a code known as the Lex Frisionum, based upon the ancient laws of the country."

The Standaard Encyclopedie, Vol.5, p.4-04, mentions about Frisians, "The Frisians have always played an important role in the political and cultural life of the Netherlands, bigger probably than their number proportionally would account for."

The Nation of Finland is Issachar, and during the time of the Great Tribulation, they, along with the Dutch have a great role to play, in preaching the Gospel to the people of Israel in captivity, but also in the 144,000 chosen to rule with Christ on Mt. Zion.

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