The Tribe of Reuben is Northern France

by Peter Salemi


Reuben was the firstborn of Jacob. When he was born, Leah named him "Reuben" meaning "Behold a son" or "see the son" (Gill). Perhaps, "... hoping and imagining he might be the famous son, the promised seed, the Messiah that was to spring to Abraham, in the line of Jacob; but if she so thought..." (ibid). It was this sort of thinking that propelled Reuben to become the leader of his brothers, also because he was firstborn. But this proved to be nothing. Even though he would be a leader, he was "unstable." His decision making was not one of good leadership and this caused him not to excel.. This is evident in the bible.

Reuben & his Brothers

In the promised land, Joseph was the favorite son of Jacob. Reuben being very jealous of his brother plotted against him. Genesis 37 reveals the leadership role Reuben took to deceive his father into thinking Joseph was dead, even though they sold him into slavery. This episode reveals that Reuben was incapable of making right and just decisions. Genesis 42 again is another example revealing Reuben taking on a leadership role among the sons of Jacob.

The Sons of Reuben

"And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi." (Gen 46:9). These sons of Reuben are the sub-tribes in which we can find Reuben during and after the exile by the Assyrians. With this information we can trace also their migrations to the new lands that God guides them to.

The census in Numbers 26 has, "Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, of whom cometh the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the family of the Palluites:

"Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Carmi, the family of the Carmites.

"These are the families of the Reubenites: and they that were numbered of them were forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty.

"And the sons of Pallu; Eliab.

"And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD:

"And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.

"Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not." (vv.5-11).  Again, one of the Reubenites tried to take a leadership role in Israel, and it turned into chaos. Reuben being "unstable as water" always making the wrong decisions and cost people their lives. The whole episode is found in Numbers 16.

Jacob's Prophecy

Jacob made a prophecy for the "latter days" (Gen 49:1). Of Reuben he said, "Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:

"Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch." (vv.3-4). He defiled his fathers bed by sleeping with Jacob's concubine (Gen 35:22). This sin cost him his birthright, "Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright." (1 Chronicles 5:1). Joseph was righteous, and had righteous judgment. He was the one who had the leadership qualities to receive the birthright. Reuben's instability cost him his.

Now this prophecy consist of several things that identifies Reuben in the latter days:

Do we find these characteristics among the French peoples today? Can we trace the French people to Reuben?

Mandrakes-As noted above Reuben slept with his father's concubine. The Bible indicates that Reuben's weakness and sin was sexual pleasure. In Gen 30:14 we read, "And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes." Mandrakes are a plant that, "...has a rosette of handsome dark leaves, dark purple flowers and orange, tomato-like fruit...The plant was well known as an aphrodisiac by the ancients (Son7:13)." (ISBE, emphasis added). This another national characteristic that the Reubenites possess. Is this among the peoples of France as well?

Reuben's Allotment of Land

The Reubenites did not settle in Palestine, but rather settled to the east with Gad, and half of Manasseh. "Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place was a place for cattle;

"The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spake unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying,

"Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon,

"Even the country which the LORD smote before the congregation of Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle:

"Wherefore, said they, if we have found grace in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants for a possession, and bring us not over Jordan.

"And Moses gave unto them, even to the children of Gad, and to the children of Reuben, and unto half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land, with the cities thereof in the coasts, even the cities of the country round about.

"And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim,

"And Nebo, and Baalmeon, (their names being changed,) and Shibmah: and gave other names unto the cities which they builded." (Number 32:1-5, 33, 37-38).

In the book of Joshua, Reuben and Gad are told, "ye have no part in the LORD" (22:25), meaning the land. There seems to be a special relationship between Gad and Reuben. In Numbers 32:29 Moses calls Reuben and Gad together and tells them, "And Moses said unto them, If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben will pass with you over Jordan, every man armed to battle, before the LORD, and the land shall be subdued before you; then ye shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession:"  In I Chronicles 5:1-17, Reuben ruled over the cities of Gad, and the Gadites and Reubenites continued in a mini-confederation "until the time of the exile" (v.22). It seems that the primary rulers of Gilead were the Reubenites and the Gadites. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia says, "After the conquest, as we have seen, Gilead passed mainly into the hands of Gad" (article "Gilead"). Kitto writes, " must have comprised the entire possessions of the two tribes of Gad and Reuben, and even the southern part of Manasseh (Deu_3:13; Num_32:40; Jos_17:1-6)" (article "Gilead" Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature). So Reuben and especially Gad were the Primary rulers of the land of Gilead.

During the time of the Judges, Deborah's song about the victory Israel receive from their enemies, she spoke of Reuben and said, "For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart. Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart." (Judges 5:15-16). The Reubenites were "Minding only thine own wealth and ease." (John Trapp's Complete Commentary). The Pulpit Commentary writes, "The men of Reuben who refused to obey the call to arms appear to have indulged at once in questioning criticism and in selfish inactivity, and thus they illustrate the close association of indolence and indecision...That was no time for dreaming pastoral idyls when the nation was in jeopardy and a Deborah was sounding the war-trumpet. Music and poetry, and the love of nature and art have their place among the innocent amenities of life...Reuben was divided in counsel, uncertain as to the best course to pursue, and therefore did nothing." (emphasis added). Here again we read of the instability of Reuben, and his inability to make decisions, therefore did nothing. But rather preferred to engage in music and poetry. Do we find this among the Reubenites today?

The Time of the Exile

Rueben and Gad dwelt together, so they were exiled together. "And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and

Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day." (v.26). These three tribes especially Reuben and Gad during the exile were known as "Gilead." One example of this is found in 2 Kings 10:31-32, it says, "In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel; From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river  Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan." (see 2 Kings 15:29 as well). These names are used interchangeably, and this relationship and the names carried on in exile and in Europe.

Israel was taken into exile into Assyria, 2 Kings 15:29 says, "In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria."  Notice Gad and Reuben are called "Gilead" and "Galilee."


The Assyrian record says, ": "...the border of BIT-HUMRIA...the whole land of Napthali...The land of BIT-HUMRIA...all its people together...I carried off to Assyria..."(Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylon, D.D. Lucenbill, p.292, emphasis added). The land of Israel was called "Bit-Humria." This was named after king Omri of Israel. The Assyrians did not call them Israelites as a whole, but the "Humri."

The Britannica admits:"...the land [of Israel] continued to be known to the Assyrians down to the time of Sargon as the house of Omri..." (11th edition, vol.20, p.105, emphasis added).

There is a lot of evidence supporting the fact that the Assyrians called Israel by other names: "...letters covering the sweep of the Empire in the seventh century [time of Israel's captivity] contain references to captive Israelites...However owing to the relevant texts being mixed up in complete disorder among so many others, the early translators failed to recognize references to the Israelites in about a dozen tablets. Contributing to the fact that WE NOW KNOW that the Assyrians called the ISRAELITES BY OTHER NAMES" (RF. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters, and Waterman, The Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire, p.101, emphasis added). Israel became the "Humri" in the land of the Assyrians before and after they got taken away.

In any number of languages, the h is silent. However, in other languages the h has a hard sound, pronounced by forcing the sharp sound against the hard palate, as in the English word "how." In some languages, such as German, the h can be pronounced quite similarly to the English k. Thus "Bit Humri" was pronounced by some "Kumri" and by the Greeks "Kimri," "Cimri" or "Gymri." Raymond Capt in his book Missing Links in Assyrian Tablets, demonstrates this fact pertaining to the Assyrians: "Above the scene is written in Assyrian cuneiform script: 'The tribute to Jehu (Iaua) son of Khumri (Omri)...' The Hebrew name 'Omri' is represented in Assyrian transliteration as 'Gh' or 'Kh.' The Israelites would naturally pronounce 'Omri' 'Ghomri' which became 'Khumri' in Assyrian...The Assyrian name 'Khumri,' used to denote the Israelites is also found in the annals (records) of King Tiglath-Pileser III concerning his invasion of Israel...Sargon II (722-705 B.C.) also makes mention of the 'Khumri' in his record of the capture of Samaria. He refers to himself as the conqueror of 'Bit-Khumri'...Letter 112...reveals the names of the inhabitants of Gamir as 'Gamera' and further identified them as 'CIMMERIANS.' The texts of the preceding tablets reveal the Israelites, originally known to the Assyrians, as 'Khumri,'...In captivity the Israelites were renamed 'Gamira,' 'Gamera' and FINALLY CIMMERIANS''' (pp.99, 115, emphasis added). The "Bit Humri," or the "Kumri," who were known by the Greeks as the "Kimbri," are said to be the progenitors of the CELTS!

The name "Celt" comes from the Greek language, for the Greeks termed them all "Keltoi." Samuel Lysons wrote about "the Cimmerians seeming to be the same people [as] the Gauls or Celts under a different name; and it is observable that the Welsh, who are descended from the Gauls, still call themselves Cymri or Kymry" (Our British Ancestors, 1865, pp. 23, 27). These Cimmerian/Celtic peoples migrated into Europe. The History of the Anglo-Saxons from the Earliest Period to the Norman Conquest by the well-respected English historiographer, Sharon Turner (1768-1842). He says, "Europe... has been peopled by three great streams of population from the East, which have followed each other, at intervals so distinct, as to possess languages clearly separable from each other. The earliest of these... comprised the Cimmerian and Celtic race. The second consisted of the Scythian, Gothic, and German tribes; from whom most of the modern nations of continental Europe have descended" (vol. 1, p. 3).

Now a branch out of the Cimmerian peoples are the Gauls. Turner also noted that the Keltoi (Celts) were the same people as the Galatai, and that they, in turn, were the same as the Galli (the Gauls), and that the Keltoi were "one of the branches of the Cimmerian stock" (p. 36). Ancient writers spoke of the Gauls, who gave their name to modern-day France, as the "Cimbri," and identified them with the Cimmerians of an earlier date, who are mentioned by Homer. They are identified as migrating through the mouth of the Danube, and early Celts are said to have been "continually moving westward." The "Belgae" were also Cimbri in origin. They spread across the Rhine and gave their name "to all northern France and Belgium" (Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edition, Vol. 5, page 612, emphasis added).

Etymology of Gaul's

Later history records the migration to Europe of Celtic tribes bearing these names, some into Jutland and others into Gaul. The Gauls called themselves Kymris, but the Romans labeled them Celts, Galli, Gallus and Galates ( Galatians ). The Hellenistic and Roman conquerors (300 B.C. - A.D. 200) renamed the area of Gilead, once home of the exiled Israelite tribes of Gad, Reuben and half of Manasseh, Gaulanitis.

Curiously, the term Gaul, whether gallo or gallus in Latin, galler or waller in Celtic, waller or walah in German or gaullois in French, seems to carry the same meaning: "stranger, traveler or exile." To the Celts the words Gael and Scythe both meant "stranger" or "traveler." God had told the 10 tribes of Israel they would become wanderers (Hosea 9:17).

When we understand that the Hebrew for "carried captive," as used in describing the Assyrian deportation of the Israelites out of Gilead into exile, is the word galah and its modern derivatives are galut, galo or gallo.

One of the branches of the Cimmerians or Celts were known as the Keltae, Geltae, Galatae, Galatians, Goidels, Gauls and Gaels. Where did these names come from? The Cimmerians in Armenia were later joined from the southeast by westward advancing Scythians from Medo-Persia—i.e. Israelites from around Samaria (taken in the second captivity). However, the Cimmerians were first established as those people who had been carried away in Israel’s first Assyrian captivity, known as the “Galilean Captivity,” from the northern and eastern regions of the Northern Kingdom—the lands of GALILEE and GILEAD! (There was a practice of attaching “gilead” as a suffix to places, e.g. Jabesh-gilead and Ramoth-gilead.).

Just to the east of the Sea of Galilee we still find the GOLAN Heights. The Hebrew Golan means “their captivity” and comes from the word Golah, meaning “captive” or “exile” (Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon). Arthur Spier, Jewish author of A Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, says that “Golah” referred to those Israelite “communities living beyond the confines of Israel” (p. 62). Galilee, Gilead, Gad, Golan and Golah are all etymological roots for Galatae, Goidels or Gauls! So the Gauls are made up mainly of the peoples of Gilead, of the tribes of Gad and Reuben. Is Reuben is Northern France? Davidy writes, "...the Galatians were descended from part of the ancient Cimmerians who had previously sojourned for about 160 years (in part) in Phrygia. The Franks were to afterwards settle in Holland, Belgium and north France" (The Tribes, pp.16-161, emphasis added).

In Scythia

During the exile in Assyria, when it became Scythian, and the Scythians overran the Cimmerian lands. The names of Reuben are obvious. In east Scythia we find the "Rhabbanaei." (Ptolemy Serica 6:16). What is interesting, in Ptolemy's map of Israel's captivity, the same place is called  "Rahabbanai" (Ptolemy's Map of Arabia 5:18). The similarities are in escapable.

The sub tribes of Reuben we find migrating from this region into Europe. The Salian Franks due to pressure from the Huns in Asia in the early 400's "overran Belgium and northern France" (ibid, p.163). There were several divisions in this confederation. One of them being "Hetsroni" being the third son of Reuben the "Hezronites." (Davidy, p.163)

The name "Phalia"  (Roger Grand, p.58 Researches of the Origin of France), is derived from Phallu called the Phalia-Franks.

Hanoch "recalled earlier in the Heniochoi who had been in the Scythian area on the east coast of the Black sea (Pliny (N.H. 6:26). These became the "Hugo" Franks (p.164).

And Carmi gave his name to Carmania in southern Iran. Eventually this name became the "Charini" (ibid, p.164) in France. One famous French Knight who possessed the famous Shroud of Turn was called, "Geoffroi de Charny." "De Charny" means "of Charny [Carmi]" one of the tribes of Reuben. Like Charles de Gaul. He is Charles of Gaul. All these tribes eventually made it into Northern France.

Langer's World History, p.143, its speaks of these Franks as the "Ripuarian" Franks. In the Semitic dialects "R" and the "N" are often interchangeable, thus "ben" and "bar" both mean "son." In Hebrew Reuben can also be spelled "Reubar." (see Aramaic Translation of Onkelos to Gen 29;32; and Concordance of Iben-Shusan). All these branches were all considered to be part of the Ripuarian Franks that settled in Northern France. (Diesner The Great Migration, p.135).

Frances Population is basically summarized in this way, "Reuben's descendants dwell primarily in northern France and comprise 20% of the population. Those in the centre are basically of Dodanim comprising 50% of the population, In the south are the Canaanites" (Is France Reuben?, Harold Hemenway, p.13). France, from an ethnological point of view, is divided primarily in two distinct parts: those of the north and south  in other words, the Celts and the Greeks (La Gaule et les Gaulois, Zeller, p. 10).

The meaning of the names of the sub tribes are also significant,1) Hanoch (Heb initiated, dedicated), 2) Pallu (Heb separated, distinguished), 3) Hezron (Heb enclosed, surrounded by a wall) and 4) Carmi (Heb vinedresser) (Gen 46:9). "All of the above names acquire an additional significance when considered in the light of French history and culture" (ibid, p,168).

Fleur De Lis

 According to the Midrash the symbol of Reuben was Mandrakes (Numbers Rabah 2;5). "The Mandrake is described as having a purple or white flower, perhaps this gave rise to the white lily (Fleur-de-lis) traditional symbol of the French monarchy whose precedent is to be found on Judaean coins of ca. 130 b.c.e. The first Frankish kings, the Merovingians, had a sun cult and the French king Louis XIV (considered the apotheosis of French Royalty) was known as 'The Sun King'" (ibid, p.165).

The standard for the camp of Reuben (France) is a man or a man’s face (Symbols of Our Celto-Saxon Heritage, W,H, Bennet, p.35). Reuben means "see a son." Reuben’s man standard is strongly likened to the humanism (manism) that came out of the French revolution. Humanism is the worship of man and of man’s capabilities instead of God. The man standard of Reuben is also heavily linked to the revolutionary declaration of the rights of man. The Godless ideals of the French revolution have had a very strong influence on world history and have spread to many nations.

The emblem below was adopted in the Third Republic as a  "quasi-official" one. The motto means, "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity", and these qualities (for both good and bad) were exemplified in the figure of Reuben whose Tribe dominates the Israelite element in France.

LIBERTY: Reuben acted with lack of propriety towards his father's concubine (Gen.37; 22) which was taking "liberty" too far, at the expense of others. REUBEN intended to set Joseph free and in effect saved his life (Gen.37; 22) which is an application of the principles of both LIBERTY and FRATERNITY. At the same time Reuben was the first-born and should have acted with more authority; i.e. EQUALITY was misapplied.

France's physical and sexual appetites are known worldwide. Also, French emotional volatility is known like the Reubenites in the past "searchings of the heart." French Theatre, French Perfume, French kisses, French "girlie" shows. These are all traits of Reuben. A culture of passion, and sexual liberation.

French Revolution in Prophecy 

The kingdom of France through the centuries waxed and waned a number of times. Through the centuries there was quite a bit of contention between France and England. After Reuben lost his birthright, the descendants of Reuben became jealous of the descendants of Joseph who received the birthright in Reuben’s place.

From about 1690 to 1760 there was hostile rivalry between France and Britain over who would colonize and control North America. From 1690 to 1760 Great Britain and France fought each other many times in Eastern Canada. In 1759 Quebec surrendered to the British. In 1760 the British captured Montreal. By the treaty of Paris, France ceded North America to Great Britain in 1763. Because God gave the birthright to the sons of Joseph, Great Britain rather than France became the pre-eminent Israelite colonial power.

The French revolution began in 1789 and lasted until 1799. Many people lost their lives during this blood thirsty revolution: "Its been estimated that during the French Revolution some 1,240,000 perished" (French Revolution in Prophecy by Campbell, p.20). This was called the "reign of Terror" in France where the clergy, aristocrats, the Royal family, and many others had their heads cut off, or drowned, all kind of horrors in that time that was called by some the "work of Extermination"  This is why Moses pleaded to God about Reuben: "Let Reuben live and NOT DIE but may his men be few (last line Moffat Transl)" (Deut 33:6). Obviously Moses was asking God to preserve Reuben, so a terrible time of trouble that was threatening Reuben was going to happen and the French Revolution was a time when "the reign of terror, and France, Europe and ultimately the world were never to be the same again" (ibid, p.1).

After this time Napoleon took power, this Italian wanted to expand his territory that France lost to the British. At this time France lost against the British in 1793-1805 at sea. Nearly all the French colonies went into the hands of Britain. Napoleon want to destroy Britain and take over the colonies of the British Empire. This proved not to be true and spelled the end of the Empire of Napoleon who wanted expand his holy Roman Empire. France was defeated. It tried to "excel" as the prophecy said in Gen 49:4 but the Birthright's was Joseph's Ephraim and Manasseh, the two peoples that France lost its colonies to. Reuben was the "first of the colonial empires of Europe to acquire worldwide possessions" (Britain Foretold in the Bible Harold Hemenway p.13), just as his father Israel prophesied that Reuben was "the firstborn, my might and the beginning of my strength" (Gen 49:3). He tried to "excel" but "would not" because the "birthright was Joseph's" (1 Chronicles 5:1).

But Jacob said that Reuben would have "pride" and "power." "The French are known as a proud people who strive to preserve French culture and the French language against a dominant tide of Anglo-Saxon culture. Much 'dignity' is apparent in such impressive French institutions as the Versailles Palace, the Louvre, and the Cathedral of Notre Dame. Paris is famous both as a city of culture and a city of romance (linking the 'dignity' and  of Reuben). The Reubenites are a people associated with satisfying the physical appetites for food and drink as well. Gourmet food and drink have long been associated with French chefs, French cuisine and French grand cru wines. A longstanding reputation for refinement and excellence in food and drink are part of the 'dignity' (as well as the 'appetite') of Reuben." (LTTF, Collins, p.400).

The French are the next strongest nation of colonial powers of the west, but do not have the pre-eminence of America or Britain, because of its "unstable" government. The Encyclopedia Americana has noted that: "...during the 70 years of the Third Republic [18751945]...more than 100 cabinets succeeded one another in France, with an average tenure in office of less than eight months. The main cause of ministerial instability was the lack of disciplined parties ... constitutional life under the Fourth Republic [1946-1958] came to resemble that under the Third [Republic]... The average life span of governments was shorter than in the Third Republic..." (France Government, vol.11 pp.729-730, emphasis added). Interestingly, a modern Encyclopedia describes the French with the same term ("instability") that Genesis 49 used to describe the Reubenites in the latter days. Since the French also have a tradition as a nation with military power secondary only to that of the United States and Britain (in the western world), France fits the prophecy about the Reubenites in the latter days.

As we also seen in the Bible Reuben's reluctance to join the fight to combat Israel's enemies in the days of Deborah. In World War Two France "...also displayed a Reubenite trait in World War II. When pressured by Nazi might, France quickly yielded and chose to coexist (via the French Vichy Government) with the Nazi evil rather than continue to oppose it. Even as forefather Reuben yielded to his brothers' pressures to lie to their father about Joseph's fate instead of opposing what he knew to be wrong, the French grudgingly cooperated with the Nazis rather than continuing to oppose what they knew to be wrong. In contrast, Great Britain (Ephraim) declared it would doggedly fight on alone rather than surrender to a great evil. Prime Minister Winston Churchill declared that England 'would never surrender,' and even declared that the English would carry on the fight against the Nazis from new bases in the British Empire if England itself should fall. Even though France also had an empire and a powerful fleet to help carry on the war against the Nazis, they decided to 'throw in the towel.' The French could honestly argue that they did not have the luxury of the English Channel enjoyed by the British to hold back the Nazis; however, France's collaborationist Vichy government and its refusal to allow the French Empire and fleet to continue to oppose the Nazis exhibited the tendency of forefather Reuben to coexist with evil instead of opposing it." (ibid, p.401, emphasis added).

France in Prophecy

The French will be part of the 144,000 who will rule with Christ on MT. Zion (Rev 7:5). 12,000 French will oversee the second exodus of the Israelites who are in slavery and captivity by the coming Beast power that will engulf Europe. The Time of "Jacob's Trouble" is going to come (Jer 30:7). This is the Great Tribulation. European Israel will be under the yoke of the Beast, "Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt.

"For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction.

"And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.

"And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing."(Isaiah 10:24-27). The Assyrian, who is the coming Beast power out of Germany will put the Reubenites, and the rest of his Northern European brothers in slavery and captivity. But Jesus is going to come and set them free. "And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S." (Obadiah 21). Isaiah 11 reveals the second coming of Jesus, and the calling of his people out of Assyria, and leading them back to the promised land. Reuben will take his spot again in Palestine, "And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

"And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

"The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.

"But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

"And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.

"And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt. (vv.11-16).