The Tribe of Benjamin are the Normans
By Peter Salemi
Many do not realize how this small tribe of Israel had a huge role to play in the spreading of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The Apostle Paul was of the Tribe of Benjamin, and so were most of the Apostles save one, Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Christ. What was the prophecy that would prophesy the tribe of Benjamin to take on the responsibility of preaching the Gospel, and where are they today in our modern world?
Who was Benjamin?
Benjamin was the last son born to Jacob by his beloved wife Rachel. She died giving him birth and "she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin." (Genesis 35:18). Benoni means "son of my sorrow" and Benjamin means "son of the right hand."
Meaning of the "Son of the Right hand" Barnes notes explains "The right hand is the seat of power. The son of the right hand is therefore, the child of power. He gave power to his father, as he was his twelfth son, and so completed the number of the holy family" As Psalm 80:17 says, "Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, upon the son of man whom thou madest strong for thyself."
The Right hand is a position of ruling with
the king of a nation. As it is said about Christ, "Sit on my right hand, until I
make thine enemies thy footstool?" (Hebrews 1:13). "..being upon the same throne
with his Father, exercising the same government over angels and men; 'sitting'
is explained by 'reigning' in 1Co_15:25." (Gill's Commentary). So Benjamin would
be reigning with Jacob sitting on his right hand, as God said to Jacob-Israel,
"And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking
of the day.
"And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.
"And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.
"And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob.
"And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed." Gen 32:24-28). The last verse should read, "More literally, Thou hast had power with God, and with man thou shalt also prevail" (Clarke's Commentary). Jacob was to rule as a prince or ruler with God on earth. The Israelites were given power to rule the nations and prevail over their enemies.
The Birthright name got passed on to Ephraim and Manasseh, " ...let my name be named on them,..." (Gen 48:16). Ephraim and Manasseh are rulers over the earth today as God promised. They prevailed over their enemies and become a great nation and a company of nations, and have grown into a multitude in the midst of the earth, see Genesis 48; 49; 35:10-11. Also read our booklet the U.S.A. and the British Commonwealth in prophecy for further detail. Given that Benjamin was the BROTHER OF JOSEPH, it was only fitting that Joseph's brother would be his right hand man to rule the earth with him.
Is modern day Benjamin ruling with the two tribes who bear the name Israel, who rule the earth? Later in the booklet we will prove this fulfillment of prophecy.
Benjamin Protected by Jacob
Jacob after he thought Joseph, his favorite son was killed, see Genesis 37 for details, he protected his son Benjamin, Joseph's brother from any harm.
When Jacobs sons went down to Egypt to buy corn because of the famine all over Palestine, Jacob insisted that Benjamin stay behind. "My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave." (Gen 42:38). See also Gen 44:26-29. If anything happened to Benjamin, it would mean his death, since he already lost his son that would rule the earth, and his "right hand" that would rule with him.
As a result, the other brothers "...learned to feel a solicitude
[carefulness] for Benjamin as a result of their unbrotherly attitudes and
actions towards Joseph and their subsequent remorse" (The International Bible
Commentary by F.F. Bruce, p.142). Benjamin became the protected son of
Israel, and in prophecy we see this protection continuing into the end time,
"And of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by
him; and the LORD shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between
his shoulders" (Deuteronomy 33:12). This prophecy will be fully explained
later in the booklet.
The Tribe of Benjamin in the Old Testament
In the book of Judges, the tribe of Benjamin was almost exterminated due to the situation that happened in Gibeah. The Tribe of Benjamin as a whole would not hand over the wicked men that raped the Levite's concubine. Although the Benjaminites were outnumbered 400,000 to 26,700, they won the first two battles as they routed the combined forces of the other tribes. Judges 20:21-25 records that the Benjaminites decimated the armies of the other tribes, killing 40,000 of them. The Israelite tribes had to fast and obtain God's divine help to defeat the Benjaminites. At the end of this needless war, the entire tribe of Benjamin was reduced to only 600 men. This describes the Benjaminites as fierce warriors.
After this civil war, the Israelites swore not to give their daughters in marriage to any of them. (Judges 21:1). Jabesh Gilead had not sent a delegation to fight against the Bejaminites, therefore all the inhabitants of the town were killed except 400 virgins. These were given in marriage to the remaining Benjaminites. Jabesh Gilead was a town in the land of Manasseh! The 200 Benjaminites left were told to get their wives from Shiloh (Judges 21:20-21). Shiloh was a town in the land of Ephraim! God saw to it that the tribe of Benjamin was built up again with the closest tribe to Benjamin, the tribe of Joseph, his bother! This makes Benjamin and Joseph closer to each other than any other tribe, and in the end time it is no wonder that we see Benjamin dwelling with Joseph "between his shoulders."
From that time on Benjamin's population lagged far behind the other tribes, and they were the smallest tribe in Israel at the time one of their members, Saul, was made the first king of Israel (I Samuel 9:21). Due to the fact that the Benjaminites were the fiercest warriors out of all Israel, God chose Saul, according to how man perceives how a King should be, afterwards God chose David, not because of his military prowess, but according to the content of his character.
After the death of Solomon, the kingdom was given over to his son Rehoboam. But the ten tribes to the north followed Jeroboam, because of the heavy tax burden the king was going to inflict on them. In 1 Kings 12, we see that the King, "...hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents...So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day...And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed [voluntarily] the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only" ( verses 16, 19-20). In verse 17, we read that Rehoboam "reigned" over the Israelites in some cities in Judah. These people were of the tribe of Benjamin. Jerusalem itself was in the territory of Benjamin, see Joshua 18:16, 28. Since the Throne of David was in Jerusalem, the seed of David ruled over what was called the kingdom of Judah, consisting of the Judah and Benjamin, "And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon
"But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying,
"Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant [Scattered Levites] of the people, saying,
"Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD." (v.21-24). Clearly now we see Judah and Benjamin as the Kingdom of Judah! And the Northern tribes called the House of Israel.
Benjamin the "Light Bearing Tribe"
During the splitting of the Kingdom of Israel into two nations we must realize one thing. There were actually 13 TRIBES IN ISRAEL. If you count the two half tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, this makes Thirteen Tribes! Back when Jacob was about to die, he made the two sons of Joseph, the holders of the birthright, and he adopted them as HIS OWN SONS, instead of looking upon them as his grandsons, and he made these two tribes equal to the other tribes. Jacob said that these "...are MINE, AS Rueben and Simeon..." (Gen 48:5). This makes THIRTEEN TRIBES!
Another situation we must understand, to understand Ahijah's prophecy, is the Tribe of Levi. The Levites were a tribe that belonged to God, and they had no inheritance in the land. There was NO LAND OF LEVI IN ISRAEL. They had no inheritance in the land, see Numbers 3:41; Deuteronomy 10:8; 18:1; Joshua 18:7. So when the Kingdom split, and God gave the ten tribes to Jeroboam, as we shall read in this prophecy, it meant the tribes that had land, the land that they inherited. The Levites had no land, there was nothing to take from them. The Levites were scattered all over Israel, see Gen 49:7.
Now let's examine Ahijah's prophecy: "And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith YHWH, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:)
"But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light always before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there. And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel" (1 Kings 11:29-32, 35-37).
prophet mentioned "12 pieces," and then said that he would give "one tribe"
to Solomon. Solomon was of the tribe of Judah. He Reigned over Judah, then
Israel joined Judah to become
one nation, see 2 Samuel 2-5. So who is this one tribe? The tribe of Benjamin!
The International Bible Commentary says this about the "one tribe". "...the oracle [prophecy] suggests Benjamin joined the succession (see 1 Kings 12:20 where LXX adds 'and Benjamin' to keep to its earlier two-yet MT has Benjamin in 1 Kings 12:21). Benjamin, the tribe of Saul, might be expected to have strong ties with the north against Judah. Jericho was firmly attached to the north, but other cities (notably Gideon confederacy and Levitical cities) remained loyal to Jerusalem [Benjamite city as well]...Gray suggests Simeon kept links with the north-because of the pilgrimage to Beersheba in Amos 5:5-so Benjamin is the one tribe left to Judah" (p.408, emphasis added). He kept the two pieces, meaning Judah and Benjamin, but just mentioned the "one tribe" that would join Judah!
Benjamin is called the one tribe that David may have a light always before God IN JERUSALEM. This tribe is also for "David's sake." David and his seed is also the light (1 Kings 15:4). So David's light, is also Benjamin's light. Their loyalty to the crown, and to follow David seed alway for David's sake. They were followers of David and his seed, so David's light was their light.
In prophecy this Light refers to the seed of David, the Messiah, as Jesus said "I am the Light of the World" (John 8:12). This light in Kings one source says, "He refers to the Messiah, who would be the bright star that would shine through all the world (Geneva Bible Translation notes).
Jesus said to his disciples, "Ye are the Light of the world." They were loyal followers of Christ, therefore Jesus light was their light, this continued through them. They preached the Gospel for Jesus' "sake" (Matthew 10:18). The disciples carried the "light of the glorious gospel of Christ" (2 Corinth 4:4). They were bearers of that light because they were loyal followers of Jesus, "How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
"And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
"But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
"But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world." (Rom 10:14-18). This started in Jerusalem in the city of David in the territory of Benjamin, "And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem." (Luke 24:47). Those lights of the world were the disciples, bearing the light of Christ, preaching it in Jerusalem, and then the whole of Israel, and the gentiles in Israel.
The Great Commission in Matthew 10, Jesus said, "Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not...But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel...
And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved" (vv.5-6, 22). The disciples were to carry the light of the Gospel for Jesus' sake, who is the family of David. The prophecies call Jesus the "root of David" (Rev 5:5;22:16). So its for David's seed's sake, Jesus Christ.
Were the disciples of the tribe of Benjamin?
The one tribe lent to Judah to bear the light for the family of David was commissioned to preach the Gospel to the people of Israel. The twelve disciples were ordained for that purpose. Where did they originate? Were they of Judah? No! But Benjamin! But first let's examine who came back to the promised land.
Testimony of Ezra: God "stirred up the spirit" of King Cyrus the Great so he would permit the Jews to "build Him [God] a house at Jerusalem which is in JUDAH" (Ezra 1:1-2). But which tribes of Israel returned at that time to help build the Temple at Jerusalem? "Then the heads of the fathers' houses of JUDAH and BENJAMIN, and the priests and the LEVITES... arose to go up and build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem" (v. 5).
A careful study of the rest of this book clearly reveals that those Israelites who were mentioned were only from the tribes of JUDAH, BENJAMIN and LEVI. These tribes ARE ISRAELITES, but not all ISRAELITES ARE JEWS. These three tribes make up the southern kingdom of JUDAH!
After Judah went into captivity, a contingent of Benjaminites returned with the Jews to rebuild the Temple and Jerusalem (Ezra 1:5, Nehemiah 11:3-4). Scripture (especially, the books of Ezra and Nehemiah) and the brilliant Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus (c. 37-100 A.D.) tells us that some came back to Jerusalem from captivity, but many stayed back.
Testimony of Nehemiah: "So I called a great assembly.... And I said to them [the Jews], 'According to our ability we have redeemed our JEWISH BRETHREN'.... Moreover there were at my table one hundred and fifty JEWS and rulers" (Neh. 5:7-8, 17). He also says, "And I found a register of the genealogy of those who had come up in the first return [from Babylonian captivity], and found written in it: 'These are the people who came back from the captivity, of those who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away captive [to Babylon--NOT whom Shalmaneser or Sargon had carried to Assyria!], and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah [NOT Samaria and northern Israel], everyone to his own city" (7:5-6). Thus the Bible makes it very plain that those who returned were NOT descendants of the northern Ten Tribes who went into Assyrian captivity in the late 700s B.C. Rather, they were descendants of those Jews taken captive eastward to Babylonia in 586 B.C.
Why, then, does verse 73 say, "So the priests, the Levites... and ALL ISRAEL dwelt in their cities"? Some biblical scholars assume that "all Israel" here refers to all Twelve Tribes. But all of the Jews had not even returned--much less all of the ISRAELITES! So is there a different way to look at this? Yes--EVERY descendant of Israel (Jacob) is an ISRAELITE in the broad sense of the word! The JEWS who returned to the land of JUDAH traced their lineage back to the tribes of JUDAH, BENJAMIN and LEVI; therefore they all would have been "ISRAELITES." Clearly, when Nehemiah spoke of "all Israel," he meant all the descendants of Israel that were there at the time-- living in the land. And which "Israelites" would they have been? Almost exclusively those of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi!
When you read the books of Ezra and Nehemiah many people think that just because the word "Israel" is mentioned more times than the word "Jew," they come to the conclusion that all of Israel including the northern ten tribes returned. Let's test that theory. In Ezra 10:5 Ezra calls "all Israel" to swear an oath. Who is "all Israel" according to Ezra? All of Israel, was the Israel that was THERE AT THAT TIME! In verse 9 you read who gathered together for that oath, "...the men of JUDAH AND BENJAMIN GATHERED AT JERUSALEM..." This is "all Israel," the tribes that were there at that time!
Now these Jews who went back to the promised land were not all of the captivity. A large portion of Jews stayed behind. "Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem" (Ezra 1:5; Neh 11:3-4). The "chief" or "Rulers" and the priests came back and were allowed to build Jerusalem and the temple. Notice what Josephus says, "The entire body of the people [the Ten Tribes] of ISRAEL remained in that country, wherefore there are but Two Tribes [Judah and Benjamin] in Asia and Europe subject to the Romans, while the TEN TRIBES are beyond Euphrates till now [c. 100 A.D.], and are an immense multitude, and not to be estimated by numbers" (Antiquities of the Jews, bk. 11, chap. 5, sec. 2, emphasis added). Josephus knew that the ten tribes never returned, and that even Judah, Benjamin and Levi, not all of them even returned to Palestine, but a small minority did, the rest were in Europe and Asia, meaning Asia Minor, including Babylon, Mesopotamia, central Turkey, etc...
Where did Benjamin end up in the promised land? Nehemiah reveals that Benjamin dwelt to the north of Judah, Neh 11:31-35. Eventually however, "The territory of Benjamin lay to the north of Judah’s portion and adjacent to it. In course of time, as the population greatly increased, the Benjamites spread still further north into Galilee a much larger tract of land beyond the Samaritans, whilst Judah expanded into Benjamin’s original small piece of territory in addition to retaining their own portion. This explains why the city of Jerusalem which was originally in Benjamin’s territory (Joshua 18,28) was to be found in Judea (Judah’s land)... So, in Christ’s day, we find Palestine divided into three provinces-(I) Judea in the south, wherein dwelt the Tribe of Judah, the real Jews. (2) Samaria in the middle, which was occupied by the Samaritans. (3) Galilee in the north, inhabited by the Tribe of Benjamin, who were then generally called Galileans." (Iceland's Great Inheritance By Adam Rutherford F.R.G.S., A.M. Inst. T. Footnote, pp.14-15 emphasis added). Eventually in the Kingdom of God Benjamin will re-possess that territory (Obadiah 19). Jesus was a Jew, of the tribe of Judah, (Rev 5:5; John 4:9). And the Bible says, "He came unto his own, and his own received him not." (John 1:11). The Jews of Judah rejected him, but the Galileans received him gladly, "But as many as received him [Galileans], to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:" (v.12). During his boyhood years, and most of his 3 1/2 ministry, he spent it in Galilee, in Benjamin's land.
The Tribe of Benjamin that came back to the promised land were known as the Galileans.
Now, the disciples, when commissioned to preach the Gospel, at Pentecost, did not the "Jews" of Judah and others areas say, "Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?" (Acts 2:5,7). Many knew the difference between the Jews of Judah and the Benjaminites. When Peter denied Christ, one said to Him, "Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth thereto." (Mark 14:70). Their speech, and his looks were different than the Jews from Judah. The people of Benjamin would look more like their brother Joseph than Judah. "Dean Farrar states that all the Twelve Apostles of Christ, with only one exception, were of the Tribe of Benjamin, and that one exception was of the Tribe of Judah, viz., Judas Iscariot, the only one that proved un faithful. The 'Temple Dictionary of the Bible,' under the caption 'Galilee' states that eleven of Christ’s chosen Apostles (i.e., all of them except Judas Iscariot) were Galileans-the terms Benjamites and Galileans being synonymous. But Judas Iscariot’s place was eventually filled by a Benjamite, hence, in the end, all the twelve chosen Apostles of Christ were Galileans (Benjamites) as stated in Acts 2,7. " (ibid, footnote, p.10, emphasis added). The Apostle Paul as well was of the tribe of Benjamin (Rom 11:1; Philippians 3:5). The people of Benjamin were lent to Judah, and were part of the Kingdom of Judah, therefore called "Jews" nationally, but racially were not Jews! But as we can see now, God chose the tribe of Benjamin to bear the light of the Gospel for Jesus' (David's seed) sake to Israel, fulfilling the prophecy of 1 Kings 11& 12.
Final Separation of Benjamin from Judah
As the Benjamites lived at the northern extremity of the country, there was considerable emigration through the centuries, as is well known, over the northern frontier, through Syria, into the south-eastern provinces of Asia Minor which lay nearest to Palestine, namely, Cappadocea, Galatia and Cilicia. In fact, it was at Tarsus, the principal city of Cilicia, that the greatest of all Benjamites was born—the Apostle Paul. Finally, during the terrible Roman Wars of the first century emigration greatly increased.
Herbert Hannay's book, European and Other Race Origins, included ancient records that "representatives of Benjaminites spread over the whole length and breadth of Asia Minor." (p. 467) The Bible indicates that Israelites were living in Asia Minor during the Apostolic era. The book of I Peter begins by addressing "God's People [marginal reading in the KJV] scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia." The term "Galatia" indicated the same people as the "Gaul's" of Europe.
Then, A.D. 70 witnessed the complete separation of Benjamin from the tribe of Judah. The Benjamites had received their "marching orders" beforehand from the Prophet Jeremiah, and again from Christ. When the foretold circumstances came to pass at the Siege of Jerusalem, the Benjamites accordingly obeyed their previously delivered instructions and fled the country.
"O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Beth-haccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction...Behold, a people cometh from the north country, and a great nation shall be raised from the sides of the earth.
"They shall lay hold on bow and spear; they are cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, set in array as men for war against thee, O daughter of Zion." (Jer 6:1, 22-23). The King of the North as indicated by Daniel is the Roman Empire that would exist at the time of Jesus, (see Daniel 11:30-35). At that time God would, "set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken." (Jer 6.v.17). Jesus told the church to "Watch," and "pray" always, because, "As for these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down." (Luke 21:6). This was the siege of Jerusalem Jesus spoke of. The church warned Judah, Levi and Benjamin fulfilling Jeremiahs prophecy, but Judah and Levi did not heed.
Now even before the siege, Titus allowed people to escape, "for Titus let a great number of them go away into the country, whither they pleased." (Jewish War 5:10:1) The followers of Jesus who were Galilean/Benjamites obeyed and fled to Pella, migrating eventually to Asia Minor to join their fellow Benjamites.
"But the people of the church in Jerusalem had been commanded by a revelation, vouchsafed to approved men there before the war, to leave the city and to dwell in a certain town of Perea called Pella. " (History of the Church 3:5:3).
Asia Minor. Those Scattered abroad in this region were mainly of the tribe of Benjamin
"The whole body, however, of the church at Jerusalem, having been commanded by a divine revelation, given to men of approved piety there before the war, removed from the city, and dwelt at a certain town beyond the Jordan, called Pella. Here those that believed in Christ, having removed from Jerusalem, as if holy men had entirely abandoned the royal city itself, and the whole land of Judea; the divine justice, for their crimes against Christ and his apostles finally overtook them, totally destroying the whole generation of these evildoers form the earth. (Eusebius, 3:5.). Most Benjamites from Galilee fled to Asia Minor Christian or non-Christian due to the fact that when Rome attacked it, it was the Feast of Tabernacles when all families from Judah and Benjamin would of been there. They would of fled to Asia Minor because families of fellow Benjamites would of taken them in. W.H.M Milner says in his, "Israel's Wanderings, states:" The Asiatic Christians (of Asia Minor) of the first two centuries were mainly of the Tribe of Benjamin." What happened to Benjamin from this point on?
According to Jewish Medieval tradition it said that the Tribe of Benjamin had gone into into the Balkan region (Radack Kimchi on judges 20:15). The migrations of Benjamin out of Galilee into Asia Minor, landed them mostly in Thrace. Also due to the fact that the Persians "pushed" the Parthians into Armenia due to their fall (see Collins chapter 10 LTTF), which caused more migrations of Benjamin North into Dacia. The Dacians and Getae were always considered as Thracians by the ancients (Dio Cassius, Trogus Pompeius, Appian, Strabo and Pliny the Elder), and were both said to speak the same Thracian language (Treptow, Kurt W (1996). A History of Romania, p.10; The Armenian origin of the Etruscans, p.70). The region of Dacia is in the Balkans, called Romania and Bulgaria today. " Unfortunately, in course of time in their new environment, in Dacia, they [Benjamin] gradually lapsed from the true faith," (Iceland's Great Inheritance By Adam Rutherford F.R.G.S., A.M. Inst. T. Footnote, p.17).
The region became know as Dacia. These people called themselves by that name, and the Romans adopted that name for them as well.
Dacians are generally described as being much taller, their skin whiter and with less hair with straight, light-coloured (red?) hair and blue eyes
Dacians as depicted on Trajan's Column Rome
Why did the Dacians call themselves Dacians? According to Zalmoxis: The Vanishing God : Comparative Studies in the Religions and Folklore of Dacia and Eastern Europe by Mircea Eliade, p.11, this source says that according to Strabo, the original name of the Dacians was daoi. A tradition preserved by Hesychius informs us that daos was the Phrygian word for "wolf." P. Kretschmer had explained daos by the root dhäu, "to press, to squeeze, to strangle. (as the wolves use the neck bite to kill their prey)" The city of Daous-dava, in Lower Moesia, between the Danube and Mount Haemus, literally meant "village of wolves." Formerly, then, the Dacians called themselves "wolves" or "those who are like wolves," who resemble wolves. (see also Paliga, Sorin Thracian and pre-Thracian studies: , p.77). The very symbol of the Dacians was the"wolf, "(We the Thracians, by J.C. Dragan, p.3).
The Dacian Draco [drako] was the standard and ensign of troops of the ancient Eastern European Dacian people, which can be seen in the hands of the soldiers of Decebalus in several scenes depicted on Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy. It has the form of a dragon with open wolf-like jaws containing several metal tongues.
Why the wolf? Well Benjamin's very tribal sign was the wolf. "All authorities agree that the emblem of the tribe of Benjamin was a wolf" (Symbols of Our Celto-Saxon Heritage, by W.H. Bennett, p.173).
Jacob said, "Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil." (Gen 49:27). So the tribe of Benjamin became know as the Dacians, and they dwelt in the Balkans, but what happened to the Dacians?
In the tenth century Dudo, who wrote the earliest history of the Normans, plainly says they were the Dacians from the Balkans and ended up in Denmark and Norway (Saxo Grammaticus, Translated by Oliver Elton, p.9) Also "Duchesne, who collected the Norman Chronicles in the 17th century, states that the Normans were Dacians." (Iceland's Great Inheritance By Adam Rutherford F.R.G.S., A.M.). The Dacians became the Normans. The name Norman means, "Northman" Men of the North. Wolves are common in northern climates, Benjamin being a wolf in the prophecy, indicates that Benjamin's territory would be in the North. The Norman, "William the Conqueror bore a wolf on his standard" (Davidy, The Tribes, p.235).
The Normans while in Scandinavia maintained their own identity and did not mix with the Danes. Davidy writes, "The Normans moved into Scandinavia and dwelt in parts of Denmark and Norway before moving onwards....they had their own peculiarities and quickly developed their own national character and culture. They even may have had their own particular physical features being often presumed as appearing somewhat darker than the usual Scandinavian, tending even to dusky, and also as being tall and lanky [Like King Saul?] though these impressions may be exaggerated. The point is, in the same way as other groups had earlier emerged from the midst of the Scandinavians as distinct recognizable entities, so the Normans may always have been a distinct people a hard core of which had maintained their own identity." (ibid, p.232, emphasis added).
From Scandinavia, the Normans moved on into Normandy, and Iceland. Rolf (Rollo) led his body of Vikings from Norway to the Outer Hebrides of Scotland and thence later to northern France, where they became known as Normans. Interesting, in Scotland, where the Normans dwelt, we find name "Ross" A tribe of Benjamin is called "Rosh." In Normandy, "The area of Normandy in France settled by them had previously belonged [earlier Norman migration] to the NAMNETES who derived their name from Naaman, a son of Benjamin. Since the '-etes' Namnetes is a suffix the names are in effect identical." (ibid, p.235). Eventually the Normans expanded their empire into Britain, Sicily, and were part of the Crusades. Godfroi de Bouillon (ca.1099), Crusader King of Jerusalem, claimed descent from Benjamin (ibid, p.235).
Jarl-Hrollang at that same time led another party of these same Vikings to
Iceland and he with fellow Vikings became the founders of the Icelandic nation,
and as the Benjamin element predominated in the Normans, the same is true of
those who went to Iceland, for they were the very same race of people.
In Jewett's work on The Normans, the author, after describing the expedition of Rolf to the Scottish Hebrides and thence to France, and the emigration of his brother Turf-Emar and his Vikings to the Orkney Islands, says (pp. 32, 92): "Rolf's brother, who went to Iceland while Rolf came to Normandy."
Ravenous as a wolf-The phrases about "devouring the prey" and "dividing the spoil" do not describe today's Normans and Icelanders, but they very aptly describes their well-known Viking heritage. The Vikings were known for preying (in raiding parties akin to wolf packs) on all the other nations of Europe from bases in their northern coastlands. This parallels ancient times. Even as Benjamin warred against all the other tribes of Israel in a bloody civil war in biblical times, the Vikings also raided and preyed upon all the other tribes of Israel who had migrated to various locations in Europe. F. Donald Logan in the Vikings writes, "...[the] Anglo Saxon Chronicle no longer extant likened the Vikings in their attack[s] ...to stringed Hornets and ravenous wolves..." (p.39, emphasis added). These would "disappear quickly from the scene to raid elsewhere" (The Northern World, David M. Wilson, p.170), like a wolf. These would be "devouring in the morning the prey, and dividing the plunder in the evening" (Western Vikings, N. Otten, p.3)
The National Geographic also notes the prominence of wolves (the symbol of Genesis 49:27 for Benjamin) in Viking mythology and art (Priit Vesilind, "In Search of Vikings," National Geographic, May, 2000, pp.12-13).
Left Handed-The Vikings "trained themselves in sword fighting using the left hand. Some have recorded that the Vikings fought well with the left hand as well as the right." (ibid, p.11). The characteristic of left handedness and being ambidextrousness can only be found with the tribe of Benjamin as a whole in Judges 3:15, 22 and Judges 20:16. In 1 Chronicles 12:1-2 it says, "Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war....They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin."
The Quebecois-We must clear up a common misconception: that racial or ethnic origin follows language. It does not. This is especially important for non-Canadians to realize as they may have heard or read that French-speaking Canadians "come from France" and therefore must be racially French. Even scholars are sometimes misled by this false equation of language with ethnic or racial identity. Many ethnic groups who have inhabited France for centuries have learned to speak French, yet they remain Normans, Bretons, Basques, etc.
Between the years 1663-1673, New France received a significant boost in population when the French government sent 800 filles du roi ("daughters of the king") to their Quebec colony as brides for the colony's surfeit of bachelors. These women of marriageable age came from Rouen in the province of Normandy, La Rochelle in Aunis, and included beggars and orphans from the streets of Paris (The Canadian Encyclopedia, I:629).
A review of census records for the year 1700 reveals that of New France's French-speaking colonists, 29% came from the provinces of Poitou, Aunis, Saintonge, and Angoumois in the mother country; 22% from Normandy and Perche; 15% from Paris and Ile-de-France; 13% from Anjou, Touraine, Beauce, and Maine; 9% from Brittany, Picardy, and Champagne; 5% from Limousin, Périgord, and Guyenne; 7% from other regions. Thus over 50% of immigrants to Quebec, and possibly much more, came from north of the Loire river in France, i.e., areas of Norman, Breton, and Frankish settlement. In addition, many of the Seigneurs (Lords) of Quebec, e.g., the families of de Lotbinière, Panet, Montizambert, etc., were Norman, who left Normandy in 1686. (The Canadian Encyclopedia, II:696).
In 1066, the Normans under William the Conqueror (Guillaume le Conquérant) invaded Britain and seeded the English upper classes with a significant infusion of Norman blood, according to Davidy, p.235. Many of the Empire Loyalists who were English settled in southern and eastern Quebec, becoming the ancestors, in part, of today's Anglophone Quebecers. These most likely were of Norman blood from England.
Moses wrote, "And of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by him; and the LORD shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders." (Deut 33:12). God offers protection and safety to Benjamin. In the Gospels and the book of Acts, the Lord protected his people from the onslaught of the Jews and Romans, especially in the siege of Jerusalem by the armies of Titus, as Jeremiah and Jesus prophesied.But what of Dwelling "between his shoulders"? There is a double meaning. The JFB Commentary says, "that is, on his sides or borders." The Pulpit Commentary says, " to be carried on the back; (cf. 1Sa_17:6) and as a father might thus bear his child," The God of Israel is with Joseph and Benjamin. Psalm 80 says, "Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth....Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up thy strength, and come and save us." (vv.1-2). Notice Benjamin is in the middle. Genesis 49 writes that Joseph is helped by God and God dwells among them, "from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:" (v.24). Benjamin dwells between the shoulders of Joseph, Ephraim (Britain, Canada) and Manasseh (USA). His borders are protected by God through Joseph. Benjamin is "carried on his back" like a father to a child. Today the Tribe of Benjamin is protected in the realm of the British, though distinct and separate are still protected. Quebec throughout its history has been helped by Ephraimite Canada, and many of its Prime Ministers have been from Norman (Benjaminite) Quebec, hence ruling with God!
"Of Benjamin he said: 'The Beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by Him...And he shall dwell between his shoulders"' (Deuteronomy 33:12 NKJV)
"Again when the Tribes were arranged round the Tabernacle in the Wilderness, Ephraim Benjamin and Manasseh formed a separate group, on the west side. Then in Psalm 80,2 these three tribes are again grouped, "Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh"—with Benjamin in the middle. Ephraim and Manasseh were the two most important and influential tribes of Israel (as distinct from Judah). Britain and the U.S.A. are now the two greatest and most influential Israel nations, and Iceland (Benjamin) lies geographically within meridians between these two great nations. 'Benjamin' therefore is still between 'Ephraim' and 'Manasseh'—between the two mighty 'shoulders' of modern Israel." (Iceland’s Great Inheritance By Adam Rutherford F.R.G.S., A.M. Inst. Tfootnote, p.37)
7 Times Punishment-The
Lord forewarned His Chosen People if they continued to be lacking in
faithfulness He would inflict a punishment upon them, of very long but
nevertheless definite duration, termed "Seven Times". This punishment took the
form mainly of conquests by and subjection to other nations. It was stated to
the entire Israel nation—the whole twelve tribes (Lev. 26,18,21,24, 28). It came
into operation upon the Northern Kingdom of Israel (the Ten Tribes) when they
came under the Assyrian yoke and were taken captive to Assyria, and it began on
the Southern Kingdom of the Two Tribes, Judah and Benjamin, when they were
subjugated by the Babylonians.
Now, the point is (and this is an "acid" test), if that Divinely decreed period of time has expired (and we shall presently show that it has), was Iceland liberated from the yoke of other nations at the exact time that Benjamin was due to be liberated according to prophecy? If so, then we are supplied with another independent proof that Iceland is Benjamin. And, incidental to our subject, seeing that the "Seven Times" period on the Tribe of Judah synchronizes exactly with that on the Tribe of Benjamin, was Judaea, the country of the Jews, liberated for the Jewish people at the self-same time that Iceland gained its freedom? If so, then we have before us clear evidence that the Jews of to-day are Judah. Let us see.
That great term of punishment, as stated, is "Seven Times"—a cryptic expression which the Bible itself reveals the meaning of. In Revelation 12:14 a certain prophetic period is spoken of as lasting "a time and times and half a time". In verse 6 of the same chapter that same period is stated to be "a thousand two hundred and three score days" (1,260 "days"). In the third verse of the previous chapter (Revelation 11:3) "a thousand two hundred and three score days" is also mentioned, but in the verse that precedes (v.2) it is referred to as "forty and two months" (42 months) as also in Revelation 13:5. It is obvious, therefore, that 42 months, 1,260 days and "a time, times, and half a time" are synonymous terms, and that "a time, times and half a time" is 3½ prophetic years (1 +2 + =31/2). A "Time" is therefore a prophetic year and has 12 months of 30 days each, i.e., 360 days. This is confirmed by the fact that 42 months equal 1,260 days, and hence 1 month equals 30 days. Since 31/2 Times are 1,260 days, then twice Three and a Half Times, that is, Seven Times must be twice 1,260 days, i.e., 2,520 days. Be it noted, though, that these are not literal days, but prophetic days. How long is a prophetic day? "God is His own interpreter," for in the time-prophecy of days given in the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 4, He informs us that the prophetic scale is a day for a year. He instructs us:" I have appointed thee each day for a year" (Ezek. 4:5,6). Therefore, Seven Times, or 2,520 days, prophetic time, equal 2,520 years, ordinary time. ( In Old Testament times a month was 30 days. There were twelve months in the year, which therefore had 360 days (12 x 30.---360), the odd 5 1/4 days making up the solar year being accumulated over a period of years and intercalated periodically).
Now, Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invaded the Holy Land in the end of 604 B.C. and
returned to Babylon the following year, 603 B.C., annexing the territory of
Benjamin and Judah to the Babylonian Empire. Seven Times or 2,520 years after
603 B.C. will bring us to the date when Benjamin and Judah are due to be freed
from the yoke of other nations. Now, 2,520 years after 604-603 B.C. bring us to
A.D. 1918-1917, and this was the very year that Iceland gained its freedom and became an
independent sovereign state—because Iceland is Benjamin. The Dano-Icelandic Act
granting this liberty to Iceland was passed in 1918, and came into operation on
December 1st of that year. Even in Quebec, the Conscription Crisis of 1917
resulted in more independence for Quebec
Similarly, in the years of 1917-1918, the Land of Judaea was released from age-long oppression, the Turks were driven out, and the Jews were given the freedom to re-build their national home there due to the Belfour Declaration—because the Jews are Judah. Consequently, it was in 1918 that the commission of influential Jews arrived in Palestine and inaugurated the nucleus of the Jewish National Home, and, amongst other things, laid the foundation stone of the great Hebrew University, which has now become the centre of Jewish culture throughout the World.
The time is coming called "Jacob's Trouble" the Great Tribulation. At that time all Israel will be in slavery and captivity. "But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions." (Obadiah 17). The 144,000 will be with Christ on MT. Zion (Rev 14:1). 12,000 of those will be of the tribe of Benjamin (Normans of Iceland, Normandy and Quebecois). During this second Exodus, "Benjamin shall possess Gilead." (v.19). These 12,000 will "follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth" (Rev 14:4). They will rule with Christ, over Israel in the promised land. The rest of the tribe of Benjamin will receive the land promised to them. These will be an example to other nations, and live under the ruler-ship of Christ.