The Modern Tribe of Asher is South Africa, Belgium & Luxemburg
by Peter Salemi
The tribe of Asher has not gotten a lot of attention by theologians, and would be prophetic scholars. Just a few who bothered to look into the identity of modern Israel today.
The Name "Asher" means "Happy," because "Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher." (Gen 30:13).
The Tribes of Asher are "Of the children of Asher after their families: of Jimna, the family of the Jimnites: of Jesui, the family of the Jesuites: of Beriah, the family of the Beriites.
"Of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the family of the Heberites: of Malchiel, the family of the Malchielites.
"And the name of the daughter of Asher was Sarah.
"These are the families of the sons of Asher according to those that were numbered of them; who were fifty and three thousand and four hundred." (Num 26:44-47; see also 1 Chronicles 7:30-40).
Jacob and Moses gave prophecies about Asher in the end time. Jacob said, "Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties" (Gen 49:20). Moses said, "Let Asher be blessed with children; let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil.
"Thy shoes shall be iron and brass; and as thy days, so shall thy strength be." (Deut 33:24-25).
Let's examine the first prophecy. First it says that "OUT OF ASHER." This means, "exported out of Asher, to other tribes, perhaps to other lands" (John Wesley's Explanatory notes). So Asher exports his "bread" and his bread shall be "fat." This word in the Hebrew can also mean "plentiful." (Strong's #8082). Now bread in the bible means "gain." God told Adam, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread" (Gen 3:19). The book of proverbs also shows that bread means gain by hard labor, see Proverbs 20:13; 12:11. It also speaks of the "bread of wickedness" etc...Meaning he who makes gains the evil way without hard work. So Asher would work hard, and his hard work would be plentiful. His gains, meaning his economy will be based on exports!
The Other clue to identify Asher is the latter end of the verse that says, "and he shall yield royal dainties." Asher's economy, his gains will be "given" the word "yield" means "to give" (nathan Strong's #5414) to royalty, or for royal delight or "pleasure." (see Strong's #4574). So basically the prophecy is saying that Asher's economy will be exports, and his gains that will be plenty, and will be given to royalty for their pleasure.
What is it that gives royalty pleasure? The primary gift to any ancient King was gold. When Solomon was visited by the Queen of Sheba she gave him gold. "And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.
"And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones." (1 Kings 10:10-11). Gold and gemstones are the primary commodity to please a king. Even when the Magi visited Christ, they presented him with gifts. And one of those gifts was Gold. Why? Because they were going to see a king, Jesus, see Matthew 2:2, 11.
There is a similar verse in the Bible, similar to the prophecy of Asher that says, "As for the earth, out of it cometh bread: and under it is turned up as it were fire...The stones of it are the place of sapphires: and it hath dust of gold." (Job 28:5-6). “'Fire' was used in mining [Umbreit]. English Version is simpler, which means precious stones which glow like fire; and so Job_28:6 follows naturally (Eze_28:14)." (JFB Commentary). The Pulpit Commentary says, "Man's cleverness is such that he turns the earth to various uses. By tillage of its surface he causes it to produce the staff of life, bread: and by his mining operations the under part of it is turned up as fire, or rather, as by fire. Fire was used in some of the processes whereby masses of material were detached and forced to yield their treasures (see Pliny, "Hist. Nat.," 33:4)." (emphasis added). Clearly, Asher was to be a major exporter in gold and precious stones, as the major component of their economy!
Now what of Moses' prophecy? Asher was to be "blessed with children." In the Hebrew this should be, "blessed among the sons;... blessed by the sons who were to reap benefit from him" (Pulpit Commentary).
Moses also says, "let him be acceptable to his brethren." Moses said that he would be rejected by his brothers.
"and let him dip his foot in oil." What does this mean? The word for oil is "shemen". It is referring to olive oil according to traditional understanding. Olive oil has value for anointing the body. People who are familiar with health foods and alternate lifestyles will attest to that. In Ancient Times olive oil was used frequently and was considered of great value. This was a symbol of affluence and the Tribe of Asher was blessed with a promise of affluence to be symbolized by dipping their feet in (olive) oil. The New Bible Commentary says, "The oil in the blessing of Asher is olive oil, much prized in biblical times for it is used in food preparation (Num 11:8), health (mark 6:13) and hygiene (2 Sam 12:20). It is used by the biblical writes as a symbol of plenty and gladness (Psalm 104:15). The picture of bathing feet in oil is one of extravagance, betokening great prosperity" (p.231, emphasis added). So Asher has to be in the latter day, a very rich nation.
"Thy shoes shall be iron and brass;" Keeping in context with his "foot." His shoes, "under his shoes shall be iron [& brass]" (Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge). The can only mean, "The mines, which seem promised to this tribe, agree with what Moses had before asserted, chap. Deu_8:9. Iron and brass are frequently represented as being common in this country. As the portion of this tribe extended to Libanus, and Antilibanus, it was the best situated for mines. We read, that David bought great quantities of brass, which, doubtless, were extracted from their bowels. Dan, which was contiguous to this tribe [Asher], traded with Tyre in iron; and Homer himself celebrates the Sydonians, on account of the plenty of brass to be met with in their country. Odyss. lib. 3: ver. 424. Durell. The reader who is curious in these subjects will find much entertainment by referring to Scheuchzer's Observations on the Mines of Judea; Physique Sacree, tom. 4: p. 47" (Thomas Coke A Commentary on the Whole Bible). "Thou shalt have store of mines." (John Trapp, Complete Commentary). So again Asher was to be a great mining people.
"and as thy days, so shall thy strength be" Clarke's Commentary make a very good observation of this verse, "...The meaning is obvious: “Whatever thy trials or difficulties may be, I shall always give thee grace to support thee under and bring thee through them.” The original is only two words, the latter of which has been translated in a great variety of ways, וכימיך דבאך ucheyameycha dobecha. Of the first term there can be no doubt, it literally means, and as thy days; the second word, דבא dobe, occurs nowhere else in the Hebrew Bible: the Septuagint have rendered it by ισχυς, strength, and most of the versions have followed them; but others have rendered it affliction, old age, fame, weakness, etc., etc. It would be almost endless to follow interpreters through their conjectures concerning its meaning. It is allowed among learned men, that where a word occurs not as a verb in the Hebrew Bible, its root may be legitimately sought in the Arabic. He who controverts this position knows little of the ground on which he stands. In this language the root is found; daba signifies he rested, was quiet. This gives a very good sense, and a very appropriate one; for as the borders of this tribe lay on the vicinity of the Phoenicians, it was naturally to be expected that they should be constantly exposed to irruptions, pillage, etc.; but God, to give them confidence in his protection, says, According to thy days - all circumstances and vicissitudes, so shall thy Rest be - while faithful to thy God no evil shall touch thee; thy days shall increase, and thy quiet be lengthened out. This is an unfailing promise of God: 'I will keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed upon me, because he trusteth in me;' therefore 'trust ye in the Lord for ever, for in the Lord Jehovah is everlasting strength;' Isa_26:4. Some derive it from dabi, he abounded in riches; the interpretation then would be, As thy days increase, so shall thy riches. This makes a very good sense also. See Rosenmuller." (emphasis added). So Asher would be subject to invasions and pillaging etc...but if they stayed faithful to God, God would protect them. Well when we find the identity of Asher we will see that God did just that!
Asher During the Days of Solomon
David and Solomon's Empire was known by others as the Phoenician Empire. Anciently, "It should be emphasized that in ancient Greek literature, including Homer, despite the use of the term Phoenicians, the term Sidonians is more generally employed. The interpretation of 'Phoenicia' as identical with Canaan appears only in later periods (Stephen of Byzantium, Sanchoniathon) to be followed accordingly by the Church Fathers who identified Canaan with Phoenicia. Hecateus11 tells us that 'Phoenicia was formerly called Chna' (Canaan), However Philo Byblius12 mentions in his Mythology 'Chna who was afterwards called Phoinix'. This informs us that the name Canaan was changed to Phoenicia..... To cite Albright, 'The word 'Canaanite' is historically, geographically, and culturally synonymous with 'Phoenicia'" (Who Were the Phoenicians, by Dr Nissim Raphael Ganor, pp.10-11, emphasis added). The foreigners called Phoenicia "Canaan" at first. But then it changed, Why? Due to the invasion of Israel into Canaan, then the colonization of the Phoenicians all over the Mediterranean they were know as Phoenicia.
But why did the foreigners call them Phoenicians instead of Canaanites? Davidy explains, "Another son of Issachar was PHUVAH (Genesis 46;13) whose children were known as Phuni or PUNI (Numbers 26;23,24). 'PUNI' was a name given to the Phoenicians amongst whom Israelite Tribes such as Zebulon and Asher were at some stages an important component. The major Phoenician cities were Tyre and Sidon. Sidon was conquered for a while by the Sakkala or Sakkara (Slouschz p.61, Pallotino p.70) who were one of the Sea Peoples and elsewhere (in 'Lost Israelite Identity' by Yair Davidy, 1996) are proven to have been Israelites. The Sakkara come from Issachar and the Phoenicians received their name from PUNI -Issachar's son...The Phoenicians received the name of 'Puni' which was the name of a Issachar clan...All Phoenician peoples were considered 'Sidonians' by foreigners..."(pp.310, 332-333 footnote, emphasis added).
The Phoenician Empire rose to prominence during the days of David and Solomon and set up colonies all over the Mediterranean and Britain.
The land allotted to Asher was the city of Tyre and Zidon "And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families.
"And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,
"And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihor-libnath;
"And turneth toward the sunrising to Beth-dagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthah-el toward the north side of Beth-emek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,
"And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon;
"And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:
"Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.
"This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages." (Joshua 19:24-31). The Phoenician mercantile enterprise centered around Tyre and Zidon. The Asherites lived along side the native populations, "Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob:
"But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out." (Judges 1:31-32). But clearly the were in charge of these lands and cities.
Notice Joshua 19:29 says of Asher, "and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:" Judges 5:17 says, "and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches" JFB Commentary writes, "Dan and Asher, both maritime tribes, continued with their ships and in their “breaches” (“havens”)" Gill's Commentary writes that Asher was "attending traffic and business," "on the shore of the Mediterranean sea,"
So the whole Phoenician commerce was conducted by the Asherites of Tyre especially. Notice what this same historian says, "This is significant in the light of what has been already demonstrated, that the tribe of Asher conquered the region of Tyre and Sidon, that Hiram, king of Tyre, reigned in David's time, that there had been kings before Saul who ruled over certain areas in Israel even though they are not called kings. From this we may assume that Hiram was an Israelite king who reigned over the tribe of Asher, or part of it. This explains the close ties of friendship between David and Solomon and the king of Tyre. If we recall that Solomon asked for Hiram's help in the construction of the Temple, surely it would be sacrilegious to request help with such a holy building from a foreign ruler. If even David was not permitted to construct the Temple, a minori ad majus, a foreigner. Yet if Hiram is a king of an Israelite tribe, why is it not written that Hiram is the king of the Asher tribe, rather than the king of Tyre. The answer to this may be found in the Bible.
"In 1 Sam. 31 we read that the Philistines fastened Saul's body to the wall
of Beth–Shan, and that the inhabitants of Jabesh–Gilead took down Saul's body
and buried it. The text does not indicate, even by allusion, whether these
inhabitants of Jabesh–Gilead were Israelites or not. But in 1 Sam. (11; 1–3) the
people of Jabesh–Gilead are mentioned: 'Then Nahash the Ammonite came up and
encamped against Jabesh–Gilead: and all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, make a
covenant with us, and we will serve thee. And Nahash the Ammonite answered them,
on this condition will I make a covenant with you, that I may thrust out all
your right eyes, and LAY IT FOR A REPROACH UPON ALL ISRAEL. And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven days despite, that we may send messengers
ALL THE COASTS OF ISRAEL and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out to thee." (My emphasis–N. G.).
"We read about them again in Judges 8, where we are told that the Israelites
repented killing most of the Benjamite tribe and try to save it. But since the
Israelites swore not to marry the Benjamites they searched for those Israelites
who had not participated in this war, and were therefore free from the vow made:
'And they said, what one is there OF THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL that came not up to Mizpeh to the Lord? And, Behold, there came none to the camp from Jabesh–Gilead.'
It is evident, therefore, that the people of Jabesh–Gilead were Israelites.
Nevertheless the Bible calls them by their city and not by their tribal name.
Similarly we read in the Book of Samuel 9 that David wants to count the number of
Israelites: 'Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtim–hodshi; and
they came to Dan–jaan, and about to Zidon. And came to the stronghold of Tyre,
and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out
to the south of Judah, even to Beer–sheba.' Here, too, we get the city names and
not the tribal ones. In the Book of Judges, Ch. 18, we are told that the tribe
of Dan looking for an inheritance: '...came to Laish unto a people that were at
quiet and secure, and they smote them with the edge of the sword...And there was
no deliverer because it was far from Zidon.' It is obvious from the way the
story is told that a villainous act was done to the people of Laish, for Dan
'came unto a
people that were at quiet and secure' etc.
"As we have seen, it was the tribe of Asher which had conquered the region of Tyre and Sidon. If so, the people of Laish must have been Israelites. Therefore the description as a villainous deed, and the explanation that such an act took place because 'in those days there was no king in Israel.' From the biblical narrative we must conclude that the narrow tribal framework existed up until the Israelites began settling in the land, but once they were established there, and settled down, they began to be named after their cities. The Israelites did not give new names to conquered cities, and kept the original names existing before the conquest – Gezer fell, and Gezer was rebuilt, Sidon fell and Sidon was rebuilt, Jaffa fell and Jaffa was rebuilt. David sent out to all the Hittite and Canaanite cities to count the Israelites. Hence in the course of time, an Israelite from Sidon was called a 'Sidonian' after the name of the city. However, since the Canaanites were not entirely destroyed, a Sidonian Canaanite would also be called a Sidonian. The same is true with Tyrians etc (Who Were the Phoenicians, by Dr Nissim Raphael Ganor, pp.151, 152, 153, emphasis his and mine).
Colony of Asher
One of the colonies of the Phoenician Empire was called the "Heberides." These were of the "Iberian" [Eber, Hebrew] stock which first peopled the British Isles. One of the clans of Asher was Heber (Number 26:44-45), "the family of the Heberites." William Camden, a British historian who lived between 1551 to 1623 states in his work Britannia, that, "The merchants of Asher worked the mines of Cornwall, not as slaves, but as masters and exporters" (Traditions of Glastonbury, p.28, Capt). Sir Edmund Creasy says that these "mines mainly supplied the glorious adornment of Solomon's Temple" (ibid, p.28). So early on we see from history that the Asherites were already in the mining and exploration business. But the prophecy of Asher made by Jacob and Moses was for the latter days as their own nation, and not part of the whole nation of Israel at the time of Solomon.
The Assyrian Invasions
So what happened to Asher? "'AS' in Phoenician-Hebrew was a shortened form for ASHER...[and] it appears to have been the dialect employed by the northern ten tribed prior to exile" (Davidy, the Tribes, p.276). Asher got taken by the Assyrians with the rest of the exiles, "In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria...And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day...[and] the cities of the Medes " (2Kings 15:29; I Chron 5:26; 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). In the Parallel account in 1 Chronicles 5:26, the reason why Naphtali was not mentioned, is for the simple reason that the whole chapter was dedicated to the genealogies of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, so the writer parenthetically wrote in what happened to those three tribes.
The Assyrian records comply, ": "The land of Bit-Humeria [Israel]...all of its people together with their goods I carried off to Assyria...Pakaha [Pekah], their king they disposed, and I places Ausi as King...and to Assyria I carried them" (Thomas, pp.17-18).
Archaeology reaffirms it. "It was the oppressive Assyrian rule that caused many of the Tyrians to leave their city and go found their 'New Town'...Carthage. During the remainder of the 8th and 7th centuries B.C. Phoenicia paid a heavy tribute to Assyria. Some Phoenician cities attempted from time to time to break the Assyrian yoke...As a result Sidon was destroyed and its inhabitants replaced by other who have been brought from far afield" (Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land edited by Avrāhām Negev, Shimon Gibson under "Phoenicians" p.393, emphasis added). Tyre and Sidon the Asherite cities were destroyed, and Asher got deported to "Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan and the cities of the Medes"
"cities of the Medes"-"According to these clear words of the text, the places to which the ten tribes were banished are not to be sought for in Mesopotamia, but in provinces of Assyria and Media....on the eastern side of the Tigris near Adiabene, to the north of Nineveh on the border of Armenia. חָבֹור is not the כְּבָר in Upper Mesopotamia ...Here in northern Assyria we also find both a mountain called Χαβώρας, according to Ptol. vi. 1, on the boundary of Assyria and Media, and the river Chabor, called by Yakut in the Moshtarik l-hsnîh (Khabur Chasaniae), to distinguish it from the Mesopotamian Chaboras or Chebar...The river Gozan or of Gozan is therefore distinct from חָבֹור (Khabur), and to be sought for in the district in which Gauzani'a, the city of Media mentioned by Ptol. (vi. 2), was situated. In all probability it is the river which is called Kisil (the red) Ozan at the present day, the Mardos of the Greeks, which takes its rise to the south-east of the Lake Urumiah and flows into the Caspian Sea, and which is supposed to have formed the northern boundary of Media.
Halah- "The name appears in Chalcitis (Ptolemy, 5:18), and Gla, a mound on the upper Khabour (2Ki_17:6). A Median district and city." (Faucette Bible Dictionary)
Habor-" Habor is the mount Chobaras of the same; from which mountain, as you go to the Caspian sea, about midway, is the city Gauzania, the same with Gozan, which might give name to this river (b). The Jews say (c), this is the river Sambation,..;Vid. Witsium de 10 Trib. Israel. c. 4. sect. 2. (c) Rambam apud Eliam in Tishbi, p. 134."(Gill's Commentary).
Gozan-Ptolemy, in his description of Medias, mentions a town called Gauzania (Geogr. 6:2, 10), situated between the Zagros mountains and the Caspian Sea. Bochart (Opp. 1:194) and others (so Rosenmüller, Bibl. Geogr. I, 2:102).
The Encyclopedia Americana records the Scythians arrived in the region of South Russia “about 700 B.C.” (Vol. 24 p.471) An historian of the Scythians, Tamara Talbot Rice, wrote the following: “The Scythians did not become a recognizable national entity… before the eighth century B.C…by the seventh century B.C. they had established themselves firmly in southern Russia…Assyrian documents place their appearance…on the shores of Lake Urmia [just south of Armenia] in the time of King Sargon (722-705 B.C.) a date which closely corresponds with that of the first establishment of the first group of Scythians in southern Russia.” (The Scythians pp.19-20, 44).
Ptolemy's maps of Bactriana, Sogdiana and Scythia interior reveal the Israelite names of the towns and cities. One region is called "Sacarum Regio" "Kingdom of the Sacae" Isaac. "In this region were found Massagetae [Manasseh & Gad], Cimmerian-Comari and other groups of whom were also further west besides the Caspian Sea." (Davidy, The Tribes p.179).
Ptolemy's Map of Scythia
Davidy in his work the "Tribes" identifies many of these names with the Israelites sub-tribes of each clan. (pp.179-194).
Eran, Dahae, Bactriana are the Epraimite clans, Number 26:35.
Sammartae, Samakand "in honor of Samaria"
Massagetae is Manasseh .
In the time of Exile, when they settled in Scythia, the Asherites were know as the "Issedones," as Davidy explains, "The Issedones to the west...are generally considered a branch of the Asii or wusun also know as Aseir in Scandinavian tradition and belonging to the tribe of Asher" (ibid, p.188). As we noted earlier, Asher was known in the Phoenician as "AS" So to find the "ASII" in the exiled lands in Scythia is only logical.
The Scythians moved from the Black and the Caspian sea to Northern Europe and Scandinavia. : "...the Scythians, the second great flood of the population into Europe, our Anglo-Saxon and Norman ancestors proceeded" (Turner, History of the Anglo-Saxons, pp.4, 21, emphasis added). After European and Asiatic Sarmatia fell, all these tribes flooded into Europe, and many of the tribal names remained with them. The "Sarmatians who are also the Scythians" (A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, Volume ., 1edited by Sir William Smith, p.151). "From Scythia to Sarmatia all of these peoples were to move into, Germany and Scandinavia and from there into Holland, France Belgium, Switzerland, and the British Isles, as well as in smaller numbers to other European states" (The Tribes, p.270-271, emphasis added).
The "Aorsi" of the Sarmatians "were part of the Aseir from the Tribe of Asher" (The Tribes, p.269;see also Ptolemy 3:5). These "were rich and wore ornaments of gold" (A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, Volume ., 1edited by Sir William Smith, p.151, emphasis added). One of the characteristics of Asher comes to light in history, and affluent tribe as prophesied by Moses. These "Aseir were of the race of Odin and migrated to Scandinavia" (ibid, 277). Another source says, "In Asia to the east of the TANAIS there was a land called Asaland or Asaheim (land of the Æsir); its chief city was called Asgard (Home of the Æsir). The city was ruled by a chieftain called Odin and it was a great centre for sacrifices..." (Snorri Sturlason: Heimskringla: Ynglinga saga).
said that the homeland of the Asers was east of the Black Sea. He said this was
the land that chief Odin had, a big country. He gave the exact description: it
was east of the Black Sea, south of a large mountain range on the border between
Europe and Asia, and extended southward towards the land of the Turks. This had
nothing to do with mythology, it was on this planet, on Earth.
"Then came the most significant point. Snorre says: 'At that time when Odin lived, the Romans were conquering far and wide in the region. When Odin learned that they were coming towards the land of Asers, he decided that it was best for him to take his priests, chiefs and some of his people and move to the Northern part of Europe.''' (Article Scandinavian Ancestry Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan by Thor Heyerdahl, emphasis added)
As noted above, the Asherites were also named after their cities of Tyre and Sidon. The people of Asher were know also as Sidonians. In exile in Scythia the "Issedones" who were a branch of the "Asii" settled in the land. Davidy states, "Part of the Tribe of Asher appears to have participated in Phoenician 'Sidonian' culture and mercantile activities and this fact together with geographical proximity in the past may explain the apparent 'Sidonian' connexion, which was exemplified by the Sidini, Sidone, and Sudini accompaniment. In the LAND OF ISRAEL the Tribes of Asher, Issachar, and Zebulon had adjoined each other. This closeness was to be repeated in their places of exile...Sidoni, Sidini, or Seduni whose name is derived from the city of Phoenician SIDON which in Biblical times was encompassed by the territory of Asher." (p.282, 328). The Issedones, Sidoni etc...are of the tribe of Asher.
Scandinavia seems to be the spring board into which all these nations of the Scythians migrated to then went to the homelands where we find them today. From Scandinavia, the Angles and the Jutes and the Saxons went to Britain and settled. From Norway, the Normans settled into Normandy and Iceland. What of the "Aseir" and the Sidoni? Where did they go?
In Medieval times Northern Gaul and Belgium was called "Sidon." (The Tribes, footnote 2, p.333). In Belgium we see the "Suessiones" (Issedones). Sidonians who we know are of Asher. Also in Belgium we see the "Eburones" (Eber, Hebrews). One of the major tribes in Belgium are the "Menapi." In Ptolemy's map (2:8), we see the city of "Menapia." in Scythia. In later geographical terms their territory corresponds roughly to the modern coast of Flanders, the Belgian provinces of Oost and West Vlaanderen.
|One of the major tribes of Asher was Jimnah. In 1 Chronicles7:30 it
"yim-naw" (Strong's 3232). Meaning "good fortune." With this word it is
easy to see how the first syllable could be dropped over time. In
American English, the first "o" in the word "opossum" is no longer
pronounced by many people. Other word corruptions are more dramatic--a
"telephone" is now simply a "phone." A "refrigerator" is a "fridge."
Instead of sending "facsimiles," we send "faxes." Most nicknames derive
from the same shortening of words. For instance, women named Elizabeth
are often called "Liz" or "Beth."
But perhaps the most poignant example of this for our purposes is what the Assyrians (whose court language was Semitic) did with the word Israel (Heb. Yisra'el). Notice how they referred to King Ahab of Israel in ancient documents: "A-ha-ab-bu Sir-'i-la-a-a" (cf. Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, pp. 277-281). They clearly dropped the Yi from Yisra'el (or the "I" from Israel)! Wouldn't the same be true of "Yim-naw"? Based on all we've seen, more than likely! The Yi would be dropped, leaving Mnaw. Mna becoming Mnappi, Menapi over time. Some agree that "Imnah became the Manapii of Belgium who gave their name to Mons Belgium" (H. Hemenway, USA & British Empire Fortold in the Bible, p.44).
Luxemburg as well are from the "The Celts, the Belgic peoples known as the Treveri, the Ligurians" (Encyclopedia Britannica article "Luxembourg" ). The "Ligurians" "tribes were the Boreoi [Boers], the
Omani, and the Hessi. These names similar to the sons of Asher...The sons of Asher correspond to the tribes of the Lygian Vandals" (Davidy, p.276) Clearly, the Asherites are the people of Blegium and Luxemborg. Have they fulfilled the prophecies of Moses and Jacob?
One of the prophecies said that Asher would affluent. Well, " Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and the world's highest GDP (PPP) per capita, according to the World Bank....As of 2011, according to the IMF, Luxembourg was the second richest country in the world, with a per capita GDP on a purchasing-power parity (PPP) basis of $80,119 (World Economic Outlook, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 18 April 2012).
The main economy in Luxemburg is, "a traditional iron- and steel-making centre. Its growth, like that of the neighboring iron and steel centers of Pétange," (Britannica "Luxemburg"). "Thy shoes shall be iron and brass"
Mining? During the day of the Dutch colonial Empire, the Belgians and
the Dutch united and called themselves the "United kingdom
of the Netherlands." It was during this time these two great people
colonized the Belgium Congo, and South Africa. "Belgium is the world
leading exporter of industrial Diamonds and gets its supply from the
Belgium Congo. Antwerp firms produce almost 60% of the world finished
Belgians also settled in South Africa as Boers, Afrikaneers or Dutch. It is interesting that 80% of the world gold 76% of its Chrome, 96% of its platinum, 80% of its Manganese and Vanadium, and about 45% of its Uranium are produced in South Africa. Rhodesia also became a colony" (Hemenway, ibid, p.44). "South Africa produces most of the world's diamonds which, on the whole, are processed and traded with in Belgium. South Africa is dominated by the Boers who mainly descend from, Dutch settlers and in Belgium the people of Flanders are considered to be of Dutch affiliation " (The Tribes, p.323, emphasis added). Both Zebulon and Asher were prophesied to be the great miners of the world, and both colonized South Africa and did just that (see our article on Zebulon Here).
What of the British that took over South Africa? Interestingly enough, There were "Anglo-Brigantian inhabitants in northern Britain...Beriah son of Asher...was found in the Brigantes" (Davidy, p.328, 338). It was these northerners that went down to South Africa. As Collins Concludes, "Since ancient history records settlements of Asherites in the British Isles one can understand how the Asherites could have migrated to South Africa" (LTTF, p.405).
As we have noted, the prophecy said that "Out of Asher" his exports his economy "gains" would be for "royalty." South Africa, Belgium and Luxemburg all fit the prophetic utterances of Moses and Jacob.
One more part of the prophecy was also fulfilled. Moses said, "let him be acceptable to his brethren." Out of all the western democracies, South Africa has been criticized the most. "In 1961 the Union of South Africa withdrew from the commonwealth
of nations due to opposition among the body of Apartheid policies...The United Nations repeatedly condemned apartheid, and many multi national organizations were pressured to withdrawal from South Africa" (Americana). Moses was worried that Asher would be rejected by his brothers so he said "let him be acceptable to his brethren."
Now was Asher subject to invasions and pillaging etc...but
if they stayed faithful to God, God would protect them as the prophecy says?
Yes. Many raids by the Zulus migrating into South Africa trying to kill the
whites were thwarted by God. After the murder of the 300 women by the Zulu’s.
Almighty God produced a miracle that God promised His people he would do to
their enemies. He said, “And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred
of you shall put ten thousand to flight: and your enemies shall fall before you
by the sword.” (Lev 26:8). This is exactly what happened afterward. Notice,
“After this massacre of these three hundred women, it became painfully obvious
to the covenant people in South Africa that they would have no peace with the
pagan Black Zulu nation which had butchered all the other Black tribes before
it. Realizing the immanence of slaughter, the godly Reformed Elder Sarel
Cilliers, in the company of 536 armed adult males (which is all that the
Trekkers had at their disposal), climbed onto a wagon and made the following
covenant with Almighty God. 'He stood up and asked the people to remove their
hats. Then he said: 'Here we stand today before a holy God of heaven and earth.
But we promise Him that if He will give us the victory in the slaughter
tomorrow, we will dedicate that day-the the l6th of December — to be a holy
Sabbath for us and our children unto all future generations. And
if He spares us, we will build a temple of worship to His honor on this spot. And we will Christianize and evangelize these Black enemies of ours who are bent on annihilating us. For the honor of His Name will be served and praised in this way!
“The next day, the Zulu armies attacked. They came hurtling and screaming down across the river — fifteen thousand of them, against a mere 536 White Afrikaner Calvinists. Early in the morning, there had been a heavy dew. This was very unusual for an arid country like South Africa. The gunpowder was so damp, that it would not work. But in their extremity, the White Afrikaners called out to God for mercy. Soon the sun broke through and the gunpowder dried out. Then the battle was joined.
“Not one single Afrikaner was killed. Three were lightly
wounded, but thousands of the Zulu troops were slaughtered. They fell into the
river until it turned red with their blood. To this day that river
is called Blood River ('Umzinyati' in Zulu) and that clash is called: the Battle of Blood River. 'Well, you may perhaps agree with Mitchener’s cynical analysis of this. But frankly, I see in it something similar to the battles of Joshua and of David’s heroes — against overwhelming odds. It is to be understood in the same light. For the Lord God of our fathers has promised to be faithful unto our children, and unto our children’s children.
“There is only one special day in South Africa today, apart
from Sunday, which is regarded as a Sabbath. That special day is the l6th of
December — the day of the Covenant commemorating not
the slaughter of helpless Blacks, but God’s preservation of the civilizing Calvinists who just so happened to be White.
“Not only did these people indeed build a temple to honor Almighty God, as they had promised. They did more. They collected contributions from White Calvinists, and erected at the headquarters of the Zulu king who had murdered their White leaders a Theological Seminary for Black people financed by White money. It is built in the form of an ox-head, the symbol of the Zulu army — but with a huge cement cross rising up in its midst, to symbolize the triumph of the cross over the powers of darkness.” (Francis Nigel Lee in His booklet, The Christian Afrikaners, pp.22-23, emphasis added). What incredible odds, but God produced a miracle for his people. And Notice, after the war, they built a place where blacks can come a learn of God. They wanted to evangelize their enemies. What an incredible Christian attitude in such a dire situation. But they stayed faithful and God strengthened them!
Now in South Africa, the white Populations are in dire straits. "Afrikaner farm owners are being murdered at a rate four times the murder rate of other South Africans, including Black farm owners. Their families are also subjected to extremely high crime rates, including murder, rape, mutilation and torture of the victims. South African police fail to investigate or solve many of these murders, which are carried out by organized gangs, often armed with weapons that police have previously confiscated. The racial character of the killing is covered up by a SA government order prohibiting police from reporting murders by race. Instead the crisis is denied and the murders are dismissed as ordinary crime, ignoring the frequent mutilation of the victims’ bodies, a sure sign that these are hate crimes.
"However, independent researchers have compiled accurate statistics demonstrating convincingly that murders among White farm owners occur at a rate of 97 per 100,000 per year, compared to 31 per 100,000 per year in the entire South African population, making the murder rate of White SA farmers one of the highest murder rates in the world." (by Leon Parkin & Gregory H. Stanton, President – Genocide Watch 14 August 2012, emphasis added). So long as they stay faithful to God " so shall thy strength be." But just like the rest of the western nations, they have forgotten Almighty God! And so their strength is diminishing.
What we are seeing, the white farmers in South Africa and the former colonies is a little taste of what is going to happening during the great tribulation. The time of Jacob's Trouble. All of Israel will lose their land, and their freedom unless we repent.
Fortunately God promised that 12,000 of the Asherites of the South Africans, Belgians, and of Luxemburg will be saved during the Great Tribulation. They will repent and call out to God for Salvation. (Rev 7:6).